Terms in this set (41)
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Greek word meaning soul, "butterfly"
the study of...
Subfields of Psychology
9) Sport & Exercise
method for acquiring knowledge based on observation, including experimentation, rather than a method based only on forms of logical argument or previous authorities
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory and an explanation
identifying a biases
The use of empirical methods to identify relationships between variables.
broad explanation of the natural world supported by evidence overtime
Five Factor Model
Trait theory of personality that includes
Ph.D. ; 4-5 years of grad school; can't prescribe medication
M.D; medical school + 3-year residency; can prescribe
pure research that aims to confirm an existing theory
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
Psychology Research Methods
2) Correlation Research
comparisons between 2 different groups, before and after effects of one group
The experimental factor that is manipulated (doing the effect); the variable whose effect is being studied
The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable
a statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables
a factor other than the independent variable that might produce an effect in an experiment
the group that does not receive the experimental treatment (does not change)
experiments that are a test of the hypothesis
experiments that are not possible if they are...
unethical or not possible
the study of the naturally occurring relationships among variables or a population
As one quantity increases, the other quantity increases. As one quantity decreases, the other quantity decreases.
As one quantity increases, the other quantity decreases. As one quantity decreases, the other quantity increases.
no relation between two variables
closer to zero the more spread out, closer to 1 tighter to the line
1.00 - perfect
.60-.90 - strong
.30-.59 - weak moderate
.01-.29 - weak
0 - no correlation
to explain to participants what the significance of the experiment was
gathering of data from different groups
able to be disproven by experimental results
A research approach that follows a group of people over time to determine change
method of research using past records or data sets to answer various research questions (no subject needed)
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation
clinical or case study
observational research study focusing on one or a few people
a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion
misleading participants about the purpose of a study or the events that will actually transpire
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
committee that reviews proposals for research involving human participants
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific (one-sided)
A detailed examination .
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