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Terms in this set (44)
A computer system is a set of integrated devices that input, output, process, and store data and information
The control unit (CU) is a component of a computer's central processing unit (CPU) that directs the operation of the processor.
permanent software programmed into a read-only memory.
Floating Point Operations per second(FLOPS)
In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations
The machines, wiring, and other physical components of a computer or other electronic system
what is put in, taken in, or operated on by any process or system.
In computing, an input device is a piece of computer hardware equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Memory is the faculty of the brain by which information is encoded (process often known as Learning), stored, and retrieved when needed.
a printed circuit board containing the principal components of a computer or other device, with connectors into which other circuit boards can be slotted.
Operating System (OS)
the software that supports a computer's basic functions, such as scheduling tasks, executing applications, and controlling peripherals.
the amount of something produced by a person, machine, or industry.
A peripheral device is an internal or external device that connects directly to a computer but does not contribute to the computer's primary function, such as computing
a computer designed for use by one person at a time.
a connection point or interface between a computer and an external or internal device.
perform a series of mechanical or chemical operations on (something) in order to change or preserve it.
is a type of data storage used in computers that is generally located on the motherboard.
memory read at high speed but not capable of being changed by program instructions.
a computer or computer program that manages access to a centralized resource or service in a network.
the retention of retrievable data on a computer or other electronic system; memory.
is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
Universal Serial bus (USB)
is an industry standard that establishes specifications for cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
is system software designed to help analyze, configure, optimize or maintain a computer.
is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
is computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
a byte considered as a unit of memory size.
is a service model in which data is maintained, managed, backed up remotely and made available to users over a network (typically the Internet).
a panel of keys that operate a computer or typewriter.
use a mouse to move a cursor on a computer screen.
s a device that captures audio by converting sound waves into an electrical signal. This signal can be amplified as an analog signal or may be converted to a digital signal, which can be processed by a computer or other digital audio device
is an output device which displays information in pictorial form. A monitor usually comprises the display device, circuitry, casing, and power supply. ... Older monitors used a cathode ray tube (CRT).
a person whose job or business is commercial printing
are active speakers, meaning they have an internal amplifier which allows you to increase the volume, or amplitude, of the sound.
a small electronic device containing flash memory that is used for storing data or transferring it to or from a computer, digital camera, etc.
Hard Disk Drive
is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
is an optical disc which contains audio or software data whose memory is read only.
are widely used to distribute large software applications that exceed the capacity of a CD-ROM disc.
a device for examining, reading, or monitoring something, in particular.
a camera that records and stores digital images.
is a computer input device that enables a user to hand-draw images, animations and graphics, with a special pen-like stylus, similar to the way a person draws images with a pencil
a device for producing a compact disc by copying from an original or master copy.
a roughly circular line, route, or movement that starts and finishes at the same place.
a thin rigid board containing an electric circuit; a printed circuit.
a unit of information equal to one million million (1012) or strictly, 240 bytes.
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