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long term memory
memory that stores information on a relatively permanent basis, although it may be difficult to retrieve
a set of active temporary memory stores that actively manipulate and rehearse information
serial position effect
the ability to recall information in a list depending on where in the list an item appears
memory for skills and habits such as riding a bike, hitting a baseball and sometimes reffered to as nondeclarative memory
memory for general knowledge and facts about the world, as well as memory for the rules of logic that are used to deduce other facts
medial temporal lobes
acts as neurological e-mail system; where information is passed along to the brains cortex
long term potentiation
shows that certain neural pathways become easily excited when a new response is being learned
the inabilty to recall information that one realizes one knows - a result of the difficulty of retriving information from long term memory
memory task in which individuals are presented with a stimulus and asked whether they have been exposed to it in the past or to identify it from a list of elternatives
the theory of memory that emphasizes the degree to which new material is mentally analyzed
memories of which people are not conscioulsy aware but which can affect subsequently performance and behavior
a phenom in which exposure to a word or concept later makes it easier to recall related information even when there is no conscious memory of the word or concept
memories centered on a specific, important, or surprising event that are so vivid as id they represented a snapshot of an event
occurs when an individual has a memory for some material but cannot recall where he or she encountered it before
organized bodies of information stored in memory that bias the way new information is interpreted, stored and recalled
recollections of events that are initially so shocking that the mind responds by pushing them into the unconscious
develop when people are unable to recall the source of a memory of a particualar event about which they have only vague recollections
forgetting that occurs when there are insufficient retrieval cues to rekindle information that is in memory
interference in ehich information learned earlier disrupts the recall of newer material
interference in which there is difficulty in the recall of information learned earlier because of later exposure to different material.
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