45 terms

Muscular and Skeletal System

This set only covers the vocabulary for the muscular and skeletal systems
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ball/socket joint
joint that allows twisting and turning
bones
forms the substance of a skeleton; supports the body
cartilage
flexible connective tissue
cranium
skull
femur
longest, largest, and strongest bone in the human body; located in the upper leg
fracture
to break or crack
framework
support
gliding joint
joint that allows flat bones to slide over each other; example wrist or foot
hinge joint
joint that allows movement in a certain spot, like the opening and closing of a door. example: elbow, knee, ankle
humerus
long bone in the arm extending from the shoulder to the elbow
immovable
unable to move
joints
place where two bones are joined or united to be moved
mandible
jaw bone
patella
flat moveable bone in the front of the knee. also known as the knee bone or cap
pelvis
funnel-shaped part of the skeleton supporting the lower limbs
phalanges
bones the make up the fingers
radius
bone of the forearm on the thumb side
ribs
bones the support and protect organs such as the heart and lungs
scapula
shoulder blade
skeleton
framework of 206 bones that support the human body
skull
head bone the protects the brain. also known as the cranium
spine
backbone
sternum
breastbone
tarsals
bones in the feet
tibia
shinbone, located in the lower leg
torso
upper part of the body
ulna
bone of the forearm; located in the side opposite the thumb
vertebrae
bones in the spine or backbone
bicep
muscle at the front of the upper arm
cardiac muscle
heart muscle
contract
to draw together
endurance
ability or strength to continue or last without becoming tired
exertion
activity of using muscles in various ways to keep fit
extend
to increase in length
flex
to bend
involuntary
muscles controlled without thinking of it; example: the heart
ligaments
tissues that connect bones and hold organs in place
muscles
tissues that cause motion in the body when contracted
musculoskeletal
the muscular and skeletal systems
resistance
exercise that involves working your muscles against free weights or your body's own weight
skeletal muscle
muscle connected at either end with a bone
smooth muscle
found in the walls of internal organs, blood vessels, and hair follicles
tendons
connect muscle to bone
triceps
muscle located at the back of the upper arm
voluntary
muscle whose action is controlled by the person. Example: lifting an arm