32 terms

history 9.1

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progressive movement
this movement aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life, their goals were to protect social welfare, promote moral improvement, create economic reform, fostering efficiency
young men's christian association
they opened libraries, sponsored classes, and built swimming pools, and handball courts
florence kelley
she became an advocate for improving the lives of women and children and she was appointed chief inspector of factories for Illinois after she helped to win passage of the Illinois Factory Act in 1893
illinois factory act
it prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours, soon became a model for other states
prohibition
the banning of alcoholic beverages
womens christian temperance union
spearheaded the crusade for prohibition by entering saloons and singing, praying and urging saloonkeepers to stop selling alcohol
frances willard
she led the womans christian temperance union
carry a. nation
used hatchet and violence to get prohibition by walking into saloons scolding the customers and using her hatchet to destroy bottles of liquor
anti saloon league
this group led to problems with immigrants who were used to drinking alcohol and did not want to stop
eugene v. debs
helped organize the American Socialist Party in 1901 which commented on the uneven balance among business government and ordinary people
muckrakers
journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life
ida m. tarbell
she described the standard oil company and said rockefeller as unfair how he got his power
louis d. brandeis
he paid little attention to legal argument and focused on data produced by social scientists documenting the high costs of long working hours for both the individual and society
brandeis brief
the argument Louis D. came up with that would become a model for later reform litigation
frederick winslow taylor
he began using time and motion studies to improve efficiency by breaking manufacturing tasks into simpler parts
scientific management
studies to see just how quickly each task in manufacturing could be performed
henry ford
he reduced the workday to eight hours and paid workers five dollars a day
$5 day
a blessing-a bigger one than you know but oh they earn it, this incentive attracted thousands of workers, but they were worked very hard and they became very fatigued
commission style government
when there was a five-member commission of experts that took charge of a different city department
council-manager style government
people elected a city council to make laws and the council in turn appointed a manager, usually a person with training and experience to run city departments
robert m. la follette
he served three terms as governor in wisconsin and explained that he did not mean to smash corporations but merely drive them out of politics, his main target was the railroad industry he taxed railroad property at the same rate as other business property, set up a commission to regulate rates, and forbade railroads to issue free passes to state officials
national child labor committee
sent investigators to gather evidence of children working in harsh conditions, they then organized exhibitions with photographs and statistics to dramatize the childrens plight
keating-owen act
this act prohibited the transportation across state lines of goods produced with child labor
muller v. oregon
louis d. brandeis assisted by florence kelley and josephine goldmark persuasively argued that poor working women were much more economically insecure than large corporations and limited women to ten hour workday
bunting v. oregon
persuaded the court to uphold a ten hour workday for men
workers' compensation
progressives also succeeded in winning compensation to aid families of workers who were hurt or killed on the job
australian ballot
in some cases citizens won state reforms which prompted the state of oregon to adopt the secret ballot or this
initiative
a bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers on the ballot
referendum
a vote on the initiative
recall
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term if enough voters asked for it
primary system
this enabled voters, instead of political machines, to choose candidates for public office through a special popular election
17th amendment
it made direct election of senators the law of the land