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Unit 2 American Revolution
Terms in this set (29)
British policy enacted between the 1720s and 1760s based on the idea that colonies would be more economically productive if they were not restricted in their ability to trade.
French and Indian War
The North American front of the Seven Years' War. (1754-1763)
Albany Plan of Union
Proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 calling for an intercolonial union to manage defense and Indian affairs. It was rejected by colonial assemblies.
Proclamation Line of 1763
Boundary set by the British government protecting the region west of the Appalachian Mountains as "Indian Country".
Law passed by Parliament in 1765 to raise revenue in America by requiring taxed, stamped paper for legal documents, publications, and playing cards.
Law passed by Parliament to raise revenue in the American colonies. It lowered the duty on molasses and created the vice-admiralty courts to try suspected smugglers.
Coercive/ Intolerable Acts
Legislation passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party; included the Boston Port Act, the Massachusetts Government Act, and the Quartering Act of 1774.
The colonial response to this event was the circulation of anti-British propaganda like the picture shown here.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
A 1776 pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation.
Daughters of Liberty
This organization supported the boycott of British goods. They urged Americans to wear homemade fabrics and produce other goods that were previously available only from Britain.
Sons of Liberty
Secret organizations formed in the colonies to oppose the Stamp Act; employed several methods of protest, including tarring and feathering British officials.
Acts of Parliament, passed in 1767, imposing duties on colonial tea, lead, paper, paint, and glass.
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
Baron von Steuben
Prussian military officer who helped train American forces at Valley Forge in the American Revolutionary War.
Pennsylvania site of Washington's Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778; faced starvation and freezing conditions.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Treaty of Paris 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River.
A conflict between American Indians and the British over settlement of Indian lands following the French and Indian War.
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.
British governmental theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including Americans, even if they did not vote for its members.
The idea that in order to be taxed by Parliament, the American colonists should have elected representatives in London.
Committees of Correspondence
A network of communication to keep colonies informed about British actions and unify colonial opposition.
Second Continental Congress
Placed the colonies in a state of defense by organizing the Continental Army and appointed a committee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
Lexington and Concord
The first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775).
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
Treaty of Alliance, 1778
Alliance between France and the America in the American Revolution, formed after the Battle of Saratoga which showed France that the Americans had a chance to beat England.
Commander of the Continental Army.
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
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