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16 terms

LIVING BEING

STUDY
PLAY
Cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
Cellular respiration
Chemical reactions that take place in the cells , and which produce energy
Chlorophill
A green pigment that is found in plant cells, which absorbs energy from sunlight during photosynthesis
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic nutrients by eating other organisms or substances derived from them.
Autotroph
An organism that is able to make organic nutrients from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Nutrients
Substances in food that the body requires in order to grow , reproduce, repair themselves and get energy
Organic nutrients
Complex molecules that from living things
Inorganic nutrients
Simple molecules that come from non-living things, like mineral and water
Photosynthesis
The process that plants use to turn inorganic nutrients into organic nutrients, it requieres sunlight
Eukariotic cells
Cells that have a nucleus containing genetic material
Prokariotic cells
Cells that do not have a nucleus, and their genetic material is spread through their cytoplasm
Nucleus
Contains genetic material and controls what the cell does
Cytoplasm
Where the chemical reactions in the cell happen
Cell membrane
Barrier that holds the cell together and controls what substances go in and out
Cell wall
A rigid wall made of celulose.It gives the cell strenght and shape
Cloroplasts
Where plant cells use chlorophyll to do phtosynthesis