Terms in this set (46)
House of Representatives
lower legislative house
of the United States Congress
A council of representatives
allowed americans to
vote directly for U.S senators
Committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to
adjust differences on a particular bill
passed by each in different form.
A meeting of members of a political party to
select candidates or decide policy
Special spending projects
that are set aside on behalf of individual members of Congress for their constituents.
Unrelated amendments added to a bill
the use of government funds
for projects designed to please voters or legislators and win votes.
President Pro Tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to
act as chair in the absence of the vice president
Speaker of the House
Is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
the legislative leader
elected by party members holding the
majority of seats
in the House or Senate
the legislative leader elected by party members holding a
minority of seats
in the House or the Senate
an assistant to the party floor leader in the legislature
people who represent interest groups
a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote
The minimum number of members who must be
present to permit a legislative body
to take official action
a firm decision to do or not to do something.
a tactic for
legislation by making long speeches
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights.
A law that
against the public order.
Head of the Executive Branch
President of the Senate
A group of advisers to the president.
highest federal court
in the United States
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
with a majority in a Supreme Court ruling.
An opinion that
with the majority in a Supreme Court ruling but differs on the reasoning.
Court of Appeals
a court that hears appeals of trial court decisions
the lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only here
process in the Senate
by which presidential appointments are approved or rejected, first in committee then before the full Senate.
of the political ideology of a nominated judge
An interpretation of the U.S. constitution
holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
written arguments on the case
let the decision stand
Powers the Constitution is presumed to
have delegated to the National Government
because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply
lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it
the power of a president, governor, or other elected executive to
reject individual provisions of a bill.
between the president and the leader of another country
The power to keep executive
, especially if they relate to national security.
Limits the president to
charging a public official with misconduct in office
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