Cell Structures and Functions
Terms in this set (16)
Controls most cellular activity and stores DNA
Produces protein by following the coded instructions that come from the nucleus
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Prepares protein for export
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Synthesizes streoids in gland cells / Regulates calcium levels in muscle cells / Breaks down toxic substanes in liver cells
Modifies, sorts and packages proteins and other materials from the E.R. for storage in the cell or transport out of the cell.
Digests molecules, old organelles and foreign substances.
Sac-like structures that store materials such as water, salts, proteins and carbohydrates.
Converts chemical energy stored in food into ATP.
Organelle that captures energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy (glucose) in a process called photosynthesis.
Network of protein filaments that helps a cell maintain its shape.
Provides structural support and transports materials within a cell.
Semi-permeable membrane that controls what enters and exits a cell.
Provides support and protection for plant, fungal, bacterial and some algae cells
The portion of the cell outside the nucleus and inside the cell membrane where the organelles are found.
Gelatin-like aqueous fluid consisting of dissolved minerals, salts and organic molecules.
Give rise to spindle fibers which aid in cell division.