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religion unit 2 test questions
Terms in this set (44)
When do most scholars believe much of the Old Testament was written? What were the people of Israel experiencing during this time?
Most scholars believe that the Old Testament was written in the 6th century BC. The Israelites were experiencing the Babylonian Exile.
What is the "4 source theory"? Give a brief summary of each source and characteristics that distinguish each of them. How does this theory affect our understanding of the biblical text?-
-Yahwist- the oldest from Judah, God is Yahweh, Lots of sacrifice that is made by the heads of the household, an anthropomorphic view of God.
-Elohist- 9th century BC, Northern kingdom of Israel, God is Elohim, focus on prophecy, holy mountain is Horeb, God speaks in dreams, personified view of God, emphasizes laws and morals.
-Deuteronomic- 625 BC, Southern kingdom, no divine reference to God, only the Levites can make sacrifices, like a sermon, Retelling of Exodus through numbers, emphasizes covenantal obligations.
-Priestly- 587-538 BC, Babylon and/or Jerusalem. Elohim until Exodus, Only aaron's offspring can make sacrifices, preserves traditions such as genealogies, precise locations, ages, etc.
What type of literature (literary genre) is Genesis?
Genesis is the literary genre of religious text and of historical fiction only because no one truly knows what happened in the time. Like a sermon
Why is "Genesis" an appropriate title for the stories it tells (Genesis means beginning)?
Genesis is an appropriate title for the stories it tells because the stories that are told explain the creation and beginning of the world and mankind.
Explain the nature of a "myth," and the kind of truth that myths attempt to communicate.
a myth is à story that is not true by which people learn and understand different truths and lessons that were taught by what some people used to believe were true stories. Myths try to communicate truths that are moral and ethical.
What is "Pre-History"? What book & chapters? What stories/characters?
Pre-history is the human history in the period before recorded events. The chapters of Genesis 1-11. The Tower of Babel, The Fall of Man, Creation, Cain and Abel, The Flood of Noah.
Where are they in the Bible? How are they different? How are they similar?
Both stories are in the book of Genesis. In Genesis 1, man and woman are created together, while in Genesis 2, it is said that woman is created by taking a rib from man. They are similar because they are both stories about God and His creation.
What spiritual truths does each story teach?
Both stories teach that God created the universe, and He also created man and creatures.
What does it mean to say that humans are created "in the image & likeness of God"?
It means that we are all good because God is good, and it also means that each person is different from each other and every creature.
How are humans different from God's other creatures? What do the creation stories reveal about God? What do the creation stories reveal about humanity?
Humans are different from God's other creatures because they have intellect and free-will. The creation stories reveal that God had a divine design for the world. Man and female are equal because a rib was taken from man to create woman.
Which creation story portrays God as transcendent? As immanent?
The first story portrays God as transcendent, but the second story portrays God as immanent.
What current world situations involve the issue of human dignity?
Corporate punishment, terrorism, prison.
How is marriage an image of the Trinity? The story of "The Fall"
Marriage is an image of the Trinity because the man and woman together along with God become one over time, similar to how the trinity is one with God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
Where is the fall in the Bible?
The Fall is in Genesis chapter 3.
the fall: What is the full connotation of the "serpent" (Hebrew: nachash) in the story?
The Serpent represents Satan and acts a deceptive trickster.
the fall: Adam's responsibilities?
Adam was supposed to guard and protect the garden and his wife.
the fall:What rules Eve's actions?
The serpent tempts Eve into eating from the tree.
the fall: How is pride involved in the story?
Pride is what caused Adam and Eve to fall.
the fall: What would have happened if Adam & Eve had been able to eat from the Tree of Life after their Fall?
They would become more and more like God to the point that humans were gods themselves.
What is original sin? What are its effects?
Original sin comes from Adam when he disobeyed God by eating from the tree. It is a sin that we all have as a result of Adam. Because of original sin, humans have the inclination to sin (concupiscence).
cain and abel: Where in the Bible?
cain and abel: What is Cain's problem? How did he handle it? What is Cain's famous line? What is the implied answer?
How did Jesus teach this truth? - Cain is jealous of Abel because Abel gave a more worthy sacrifice to God. Cain killed Abel out of envy. Am i my brother's keeper. The implied answer is yes you are. Jesus taught this through the story of the good samaritan.
cain and abel: Who is Seth, and what role does he play?
He is Adam and Eve's third son who is the successor of Adam and gives life to Noah and his family line.
great flood: Where in the Bible?
great flood: Reason for the Flood? Why was Noah spared?
To cleanse the wickedness that God saw in the World. Noah was à righteous man who was blameless for his generation.
great flood: Explain the covenant introduced in this story.
the covenant introduced in this story was the Rainbow which was à sign that God would never again wipe clean the earth with waters.
tower of babel: where in the bible?
tower of babel: How does the story reflect a Babylonian "World Behind the Text"?
It starts with the people trying to be more powerful than God himself and reach the heavens of their own volition.
tower of babel: How has the nature of sin progressed in this story?
Man has tried to shadow God's power. And in this arrogance and pride, God strikes the tower down and scatters the people's languages.
tower of babel: How does the story relate to Pentecost in Acts 2?
In the pentecost story of Acts 2 the Apostles are all given the flame above their heads and are able to speak all the languages of the world. , which is a reversal of what happened with the tower of Babel.
How is God merciful in the prehistory stories?
Despite man's failings to keep up their end of the covenant, God does not destroy them again.
Where are glimpses of the Trinity in the language of the Genesis text?
During the creation story, the words "Let us make him in our image" and the picture of marriage represent the Trinity.
With each renewal of the covenant in the Bible, the number of God's people becomes ______
What is the purpose of the Sabbath?
to rest and worship God
What is responsible for the decline of creation in Pre-history? Identify specific details for evidence of this decline.
the growth of sin on earth is responsible for the decline of creation such as the tower of Babel, Cain killing Abel, and the human corruption of Noah's time.
What spiritual truths are found in the prehistory stories?
God is merciful, Humans are made in the image and likeness of God, God loves diversity, God's creation is good, Humans are the crown of God's creation, Man has, as stewards, over all creation, God's design is orderly and peaceful, Sabbath is a time to rest in God's holiness, Man and woman created equal yet different and made for each other, God creates out of nothing (ex nihilo), God creates through his Word (Jesus), Revelation of Trinity
What does Genesis tell us about human dignity?
It comes from the creation of man where it is said that we are created in God's image
human dignity and sin: Where does it come from?
All people are born with Human Dignity Genesis 1: 27
What sins did we see in the prehistory stories and how are they still relevant today?
We see pride. This is still relevant today because many people commit the sin of pride today.
Which stories illustrate that sin causes alienation between humans and God
adam and eve
Which stories illustrate that sin causes separation between humans?
Tower of Babel
Cain and Abel
How are sin and suffering connected?
Sin leads to suffering
Original sin led to human suffering
What is redemptive suffering? Example?
belief that human suffering, when accepted and offered up in union with the Passion of Jesus, can remit the just punishment for one's sins or for the sins of another
ex.) Jesus Dying for us on the cross
Who is Shem, and how is he significant in the Genesis narrative?
Noah's son who is Noah's Ancestor
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