Terms in this set (68)
Are based on a higher field of learning. All professions incorporate long periods of high-level education. Also traffic in ideas and services than in goods and products.
Most firms (80%) have fewer than....
The most hired group of professional consultants for an architecture firm is....
Business of Architecture Reports
Conducted by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) to allow firms to assess their practices and evaluate their operations in comparison of their peers.
The rules or standards for moral behavior
The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards is made up of members from the architectural registration boards of the 50 states. Its primary function is to maintain records for state boards, architects, and interns.
In 1909, the AIA produced
The Code of Ethics
Common Ethics Violations
1. Attribution of credit
2. Accurate representation of qualifications
3. Attainment and provision of examples of work
4. Basic honesty
-Knowledge and Skill
-Standards of Excellence
Obligations to the Public
-Public Interest Services
Obligations to the client
-Conflict of Interest
Obligations to the Profession
-Honesty and Fairness
-Dignity and Integrity
Obligations to colleagues
-Intern and Professional Development
Obligations to the environment
Architects can only stamp drawings if they have been in....
"Responsible Control" via the NCARB Legislative Guidelines and Model Law
Feelings, attitudes, and beliefs held close to heart
Ideas, events, and activities that stimulate enthusiasm
Three types of skills
3. Special Knowledge
Intern Development Program (IDP)
Interns learn about the daily realities of architecture practice, acquire comprehensive experience in basic practice areas, explore specialized areas of practice, develop professional judgement, and refine their career goals.
Set of regulations governing the design, construction, alteration, and maintenance of structures. They specify minimum requirements.
The International Code Council (IIC)
The International Code Council is a member-focused association with over 64,000 members. It is dedicated to developing model codes and standards used in the design, build and compliance process to construct safe, sustainable, affordable and resilient structures.
The International Residential Code
-Applies to one & two family dwellings and attached townhouses.
-Does NOT regulate manufactured housing
The International Building Code
-Applies to all structures other than what is under the IRC.
-Not retroactive. Only new construction
The Comprehensive Plan
also known as a general plan, master plan or land-use plan, is a document designed to guide the future actions of a community. It presents a vision for the future, with long-range goals and objectives for all activities that affect the local government. IT IS A TOOL OF LAND IN PLANNING.
Euclid vs. Ambler (1926)
It was the first significant case regarding the relatively new practice of zoning, and served to substantially bolster zoning ordinances in towns nationwide in the United States
EPP (Environmentally Preferable Product)
Products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose
-Low in chemical emission
-Naturally and minimally processed
-Low embodied energy and low carbon
Major Client as "Booster Rocket"
The combination of the client and the work of the firm act as a booster rocket that lifts the firm above the crowd to where it can be seen.
House for Mother
Starting your firm by doing a house for a relative. (Charles Gwathmey, Robert Venturi, and Phillip Johnson)
Rely off of teaching to provide income for your firm.
The Better Mousetrap
When you see a need in a community and fill it.
Good sales skills and client relationships. (Kohn Pederson Fox)
Having famous architects or people acts a booster rocket for your firm.
Former employers can help you get commissions
Firms that break away from established ones.
New, young leadership takes over a declining firm and revives it.
Some firms start by doing small projects and build up from there.
-The owner = the individual
-Taxes = individual rate of the owner
-The proprietorship is terminated upon retirement or death
An unincorporated business that is co-owned and operated by two or more persons for the purpose of operating a business with the intention of making a profit
-Should be made in writing
-Individual tax rates
Separate legal entities that conduct operations in a corporate name
-No personal Liability
-Raise capital through stocks
-Most complicated to establish and maintain
Limited Liability Company (LLC)
A hybrid form of business enterprise that offers the limited liability of the corporation but the tax advantages of a partnership.
-Owners are called "members"
-Can not avoid professional liability through an LLC
Problems that occur when delays, failures and fee controversies happen on site.
Problems that arise from regulations developed to implement civil statues and other legal requirements.
Issues of law impacting architects can be broken down into two main categories:
The two legal theories most often alleged in claims against architects are....
-Breach of Contract
Standard of Care
What a reasonably prudent architect would do in the same general locale, in the same time frame, given the same or similar
True or False (Laws)
The law does not demand perfection. (TRUE)
Breach of Contract
Claims based upon an allegation that a specific duty pursuant to a contract between two parties and one of those parties either failed to perform that duty or did not perform that duty or did not perform it properly.
The absolutely Essential Terms
An agreement must have the project scope, the time frame and the fee agreed.
Limited Liability Clauses
Limits claims by the owner against the architect to a certain amount.
Professional Liability Insurance
Absorbs a portion of such claims in exchange for premiums paid to the insurance company.
-Covers negligent acts, errors, or omissions
Business Interuption Insurance
Insurance that pays for income lost when a business is closed because of a covered disaster.
Workers' Compensation Insurance
Legally required insurance for compensating workers injured on the job.
Provides money to pay for health care for illness, injury, or, in some cases, preventive care.
True or False (Contracts)
The architects agreement or contract with the owner should be written to reflect the goals and expectations of each and to establish the conditions for working together in a professional relationship. (TRUE)
AIA Document B101-2007
Standard form of agreement between owner and architect
An agreement for one party to assume liability of another in the event of a loss.
True or False (Standard of Care)
A design professional should agree to an owner-generated contract that is to a higher standard of care than required by common law. (FALSE). Don't do that.
Primary legal document that establishes the conditions for working together in a professional relationship
AIA Standardized Doucment Series
A-Series: Owner-Contractor Documents
B-Series: Owner-Architect Documents
Typically addresses issues of land use; density; floor area ratios; building envelop and massing; parking; setbacks, etc.
characterized by the segregation of land uses into specified geographic districts and dimensional standards stipulating limitations on development activity within each type of district. Advantages include relative effectiveness, ease of implementation, long-established legal precedent, and familiarity. However, Euclidean zoning has received criticism for its lack of flexibility and institutionalization of now-outdated planning theory
Evaluates criteria such as traffic generation, noise, lighting levels, loss of wildlife, stormwater runoff, and flood control measures
Developers can be rewarded in additional building height for the creation of parks, plazas and public art.
Cherokees with Rubicon express lifts should have a minimum of...
33in mud terrain tires