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Magruder's American Government Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
Terms in this set (45)
The power to make and to frame public policies.
The power to execute, enforce, and administrate laws.
The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes that arise within the society.
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
A form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority.
A form of government in which the supreme authority lies with the people.
A body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
Having supreme power withing the territory; neither responsible or subordinate to any other authority.
A government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.
A government in which the power is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
A centralized government with all powers held by the government belong to a single, central government.
A government in which powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Division of Powers
Basic principles of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis.
An alliance pf independent states. A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
A government in which there is a separation of powers between the executive legislative branches of the government.
In this government the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier, and that official's cabinet.
The process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests.
Free Enterprise System
An economy system characterized by the private ownership, individual initiative, profit, and competition.
The government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights that the government cannot take away.
A government that serves the will of the people and had also been developing in England for centuries.
The Great Charter signed by King John in 1215.
Petition of Rights
Document limiting the king's power in several ways.
English Bill of Rights
Document written by the Parliament and agreed on by William and Mary of England in 1689, designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs.
A written grant of authority from the king.
Principle that government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Articles of Confederation
Establishes a league of friendship among the States.
Group of delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention.
Presented by delegates from Virginia at the Constitutional Convention.
New Jersey Plan
Presented as an alternative to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention; called for a unicameral legislature in which each State would be equally represented.
Agreement during during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population
Provides that all "free persons" should be counted, and so, too, should "three-fifths of all other persons."
Those who favored the ratification. Opposed a Bill of Rights.
Those who opposed ratification. Wanted a Bill of Rights.
Introduction of the Constitution
The government must be conducted according to constitutional principles.
Rule of Law
Concept that holds that government and its officers are always subject to the law.
Separation of Powers
When basic powers are distributed-- separated-- among three distinct and independent branches of government.
Checks and Balances
Each branch is subject to a number of constitutional checks by the other branches.
Power of courts to to determine whether what government does is in accord with what the Constitution provides. Established in Marbury v Madison
The division of power among a central government and several regional governments.A system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each State respect the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
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