Module 4- Ch 6 and 14
Terms in this set (52)
The continent with the most rapid population growth is ____.
Educational and employment opportunities available for women affect population growth because ____.
Total fertility tend to be low when women have access to education and paid employment outside the home
If current trends continue, China's population of 1.37 billion is projected to ____.
Peak at 1.45 billion by 2030
Rapidly growing countries have an age structure that ____.
Has a broad-based pyramid
The population of ____ has the highest percentage of elderly people.
The most important factor contributing to a high infant mortality rate is usually ____.
Age structure diagrams ____.
Are useful for predicting population momentum
Urban sprawl is partly the product of ____.
Federal and state funding of highways and inadequate urban planning
One reason birth and fertility rates in more-developed countries tend to be lower is that ____.
The cost of raising and educating children ism much higher
The global population of ____ is projected to triple between 2016 and 2050.
People who are 65 and older
The change in human population over the last 200 years ____.
Has followed a J-curve
Between 1850 and 2016, the global urban revolution resulted in urban population increasing from ____.
The TFR of a country is often increased by ____.
A society in which children are important in the labor force and to help with daily tasks
______ is an example of a bacterium that is highly resistant to antibiotics.
Which of the following is a type of chemical hazard?
What is the leading cause of death worldwide for people ages 15-49?
Malaria is caused by____ that is carried by mosquitoes.
Why is it a concern that antibacterial hand soaps have become so popular?
They seem to be no more effective than other soaps and may promote the development of resistant bacteria
Ecological medicine is a relatively new field of study devoted to ____.
Understanding ways that humans and animal interactions can affect disease transmission
Approximately 2.6 billion people do not have sanitary toilet facilities. Partly as a result of this, more than one billion people have their drinking water polluted by ____.
To help prevent worsening of risks from infectious diseases, it is important to reduce the use of _____.
What is expected to happen to malaria-carrying mosquitoes in the coming century?
Their population may migrate into northern areas made by warmer climate change
Manufacturers have started using BPS as a replacement for BPA due to concerns about the health effects of BPA. BPS appears to ____.
Cause similar health effects to BPA
A ____ disease, such as asthma, is not caused directly by a living organism and does not spread from one person to another.
What is the name for the scientific process used to estimate the potential harm of a particular hazard using statistical methods?
The demographic transition model helps to explain why ____.
Death rates fall before birth rates
China's one-child policy ____.
Was created amidst the threat of mass starvation due to rapid population growth
The average number of children born to women in a population during their reproductive years is the ____.
Total fertility rate
Urban populations occupy only about 2.8% of the earth's land area, but they consume ____ of its resources.
Cities can be susceptible to flooding because ____.
Buildings and paved surfaces increase runoff and can overload storm drains
Why has the percentage of deaths due to infectious diseases dropped from 1970 to 2010?
A growing number of children were immunized against the major infectious diseases.
What do we call the probability of suffering harm from a hazard?
If you typically consume large amounts of processed foods, and certain wines, which category of chemical hazard is introduced into your system?
In addition to overuse of antibiotics for colds and flu, what else has caused bacterial resistance to antibiotics?
The use of antibiotics to control disease and promote growth in animals raised for meat
Some researchers estimate that one out of every five people infected with ____ is not aware of the infection.
Biological hazards are those specifically caused by ____.
Living organisms such as pathogens
Urban sprawl ____.
Eliminates agricultural- and wild-lands around many cities
Although motor vehicles are associated with pollution and other environmental concerns, one advantage of them is that ____.
They are responsible for much of the world's economy in terms of production and related services
The term demographic transition refers to ________.
The decline in death rates followed by decline in birth rates when a country becomes industrialized
Which of the following implies the greatest built-in momentum for population growth?
A large number of people under age 15
The majority of cases of malaria (90%) occur ____.
In sub-saharan Africa
A deadly, multidrug resistant form of ____ has been spreading and is difficult to treat. Because of the high risk of this illness, those affected must be quarantined and treated with care by healthcare workers.
The system responsible for defense against disease and harmful substances is the ____.
The immune system consists of specialized cells and tissues that protect the body against disease and harmful substances by forming ____.
Central-city dwellers ____.
Tend to drive less and rely on public transportation
People who specifically study the growth patterns and socioeconomic characteristics of human populations are called ___.
Why have pesticide producers failed to produce new mosquito-killing insecticides in recent years?
It is much more expensive to develop and market new pesticides than the producers would make in sales of the pesticides in the United States.
What is the term for a toxic agent that causes harm or birth defects in a fetus or embryo?
Areas on the outskirts of cities where people build shacks from corrugated metal, plastic sheets, scrap wood, and other scavenged building materials are called ____.
Women who cannot ____ often have more children than those who can.
To keep human population constant, the global total fertility rate would have to equal ____.
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogen mimic used in the production of ____ products.
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