Scheduled maintenance: Thursday, December 8 from 5PM to 6PM PST
Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Rheumatic and infectious disease emergencies
Terms in this set (75)
What helps you generate a differential for joint pain?
What do you need to find out about polyarticular joint paint?
Will pain come from articular cartilage?
What is inflammation of the synovial membrane?
What is an increase in blood vessels in synovial tissue?
In what disease does the synovium become infiltrated with lymphocytes, plasma cells and marcrophages?
In what disease is the joint warm, tender and boggy feeling to palpation?
What happens to the synovial lining cells in synovitis?
What is the transition zone between tendons and ligaments?
In enthesitis, with inflammation radially oriented collagen fibers undergo metaplasia and form what?
What may develop with an enthesitis in a diarthrodial joint?
What is the principle site of pathology in the seronegative spondyloarthropathies?
What causes gout?
What joint does monosodium urate target?
What causes pseudogout?
Calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate
What has a rapid onset of inflammation, pain, erythema and warmth?
What disease has crystal deposition in the hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage, and areas of chondroid metaplasia?
Crystal deposition disease
What can crystal deposition disease lead to?
What is seen on fluid of gout?
Negatively birefringent crystals
What is seen on fluid of pseudogout?
Positively birefringent crystals
What should you always get on the fluid in gout?
What is an acute or chronic infection of the synovium related to bacterial, fungal or viral organisms?
What type of infectious arthritis is most common?
How is infectious arthritis commonly spread?
What joint is most commonly affected by pseudogout?
What cell type infiltrates the joint in infectious arthritis?
What does infiltration of neutrophils in infectious arthritis lead to?
Necrosis of synovium
In infectious arthritis, the bacteria release products that can cause what?
What is a degeneration of articular cartilage?
What can develop secondary to osteoarthritis?
What develops over the surface of the synovium in infectious arthritis?
Dense mass of fibrin
What is pain in the joint without signs of inflammation or changes?
What is pain on joint use, stiffness after inactivity, pain at the end of the day use?
Degenerative joint pain
What is pain and stiffness in the morning, at rest and with use?
Inflammatory joint pain
What is pain only with use?
Mechanical joint pain
What is pain at rest and at night?
What is diffuse pain and paresthesias in a dermatome, worsened by specific activity?
What is the definititve diagnostic study for joint pain?
What is warranted for diagnostics most of the time?
What is of little benefit in joint pain?
What do you diagnose with SI xrays?
What do you diagnose with synovial fluid analysis?
Gout or pseudogout
What do you diagnose with gram stain and culture?
What do you use ESR, CRP, RF, ANA and anti CCP for?
What color is synovial fluid normally?
Clear to pale yellow
What is the WBC normally in synovial fluid?
less than 200 uL
What percentage is the PMN leukocytes below in synovial fluid normally?
What is the viscosity of normal synovial fluid?
What is the synovial fluid color in noninflammatory?
What is the WBC count in the synovial fluid in noninflammatory?
What is the color of synovial fluid in inflammatory?
Yellow to white
What is the WBC count in the synovial fluid in inflammatory?
What is the percentage of PMN leukocytes in the synovial fluid in inflammatory?
What is the viscosity of synovial fluid in inflammatory?
What is the color of synovial fluid in septic?
White to cream
What is the WBC count in the synovial fluid in septic?
What is the percentage of PMN leukocytes in septic joints?
What is the viscosity of synovial fluid in septic joints?
What is the color of synovial fluid in hemorrhagic joints?
What is found after centrifuging synovial fluid in hemorrhagic joints?
What is a supernatant of fat in synovial fluid indicative of?
Juxta articular fracture
What is the principle site of inflammation in persons with RA and other inflammatory arthrides?
What is found between cortical bones and the periosteum?
What is found between the vertebral bodies and annulus fibrosis?
What is new bone formation?
What may the prominent periarticular inflammation in gout resemble?
What does a murmur indicate?
What is not commonly assessed on synovial fluid that you need to ask for?
What may present like a bacterial infection of a joint?
What may initially be negative with osteomyelitis?
What can be used to see osteomyelitis besides xray and MIR?
3 phase bone scan
What is the best test to detect osteomyelitis?
What lab test helps diagnose polymyositis/dermatomyositis?
In enthesitis, what can form along the outer fibers of the vertebral discs?
What do you diagnose with ANA, Anti Smith and Anti DSDNA?
Sets found in the same folder
Septic Arthritis and gonococcal arthritis
Osteomyelitis- Beebout exam 3
ortho emergencies II
MS Pharm exam 3
Other sets by this creator
Radiologic evaluation of the GU system
Urinary Tract Obstruction
GU pharm 2
Recommended textbook solutions
Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing
Julie S Snyder, Mariann M Harding
Pharmacology and the Nursing Process
Julie S Snyder, Linda Lilley, Shelly Collins
Exercise Physiology: Theory and Application to Fitness and Performance
Edward Howley, John Quindry, Scott Powers
Introduction to Maternity and Pediatric Nursing