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Acute gouty arthritis
condition where uric acid crytals accumulate in the joints of the big toes, ankles, wrists, fingers, knees, or elbows, resulting in red, swollen, or inflammed tissue
proteins called rheumatoid factors released by B lymphocytes that tear down the body's own tissue
accumulation of nitrogenous waste products in the kidneys that can result in death if untreated
process of bone demineralization or the breaking down of bone into mineral components
substance that is transformed in the kidneys during the second step of the conversion of vitamin D to its active form
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)
drugs from several classes that modify the progression of rheumatoid arthritis; include hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), methotrexate (Rheumatrex), or sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
metabolic disorder characterized by the accumulation of uric acid in the bloodstream or joint cavities
disorder characterized by degeneration of joints, particularly the fingers, spine, hips, and knees
rickets in children; caused by vitamin D deficiency characterized by softening of the bones without alteration of basic bone structure
disorder of bone formation and resorption characterized by weak, enlarged, and deformed bones
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