Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
APUSH Chapter 6
Terms in this set (39)
For what reasons was France a latecomer to exploration and New World settlement?
The country was convulsed by foreign and domestic strife in the 1500s (war between Roman Catholics and French Huguenots or religious wars)
Why did the Edict of Nantes spur French exploration?
Edict of Nantes granted limited religious freedom to French Protestants and religious wars ceased.
What French King took an interest in overseas colonies?
Louis XIV took an interest in overseas colonies.
Where did Samuel de Champlain go? What was he called?
Samuel de Champlain established Quebec in 1608. He was called the "father of New France". Quebec city was the first permanent French settlement.
What group did the French earn the enmity of and why?
The French earned the enmity of the Iroquois tribes. The French assisted the Huron Indians in attacking the Iroquois, Killing one and injuring three.
Who controlled New France?
The French king controlled New France (Canada)
Why did New France grow so slowly?
1. Landowning French had little economic motive to move.
2. French Huguenots were denied refuge in New France
3. French government favored sugar and rum of the caribbean island colonies.
Where did Robert La Salle explore for New France?
He floated down the Mississippi in 1682 to where it mingled with the south. Named the interior basis "Louisiana". Explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, The Mississippi River Region, and the gulf mexico. He claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France.
Where did Giovanni da Verrazano explore?
Explored the eastern seaboard of North America from Florida to Newfoundland and was the first to explore what would become New York, Rhode Island, Maine, and Newfoundland.
Where did Jacques Cartier explore?
Jacques Cartier sailed from Newfoundland to the gulf of the St. Lawrence River. His exploration of the St. Lawrence River allowed France to claim lands that would become Canada.
What was New France's most valuable resource? What was the name of the people that "harvested" it?
New France's most valuable resource was the beaver or fur. The people that "harvested" it were called coureur de bois (runners of the woods)
What did the voyageurs do?
The voyageurs recruited Indians into their fur business. Voyageurs were part of the beaver hunting. It weakened traditional Indian ways of life. Indians were also decimated by diseases and debauched by alcohol after mingling with the French.
What did Antoine cadillac found?
He founded Detroit "the city of straits" in 1701
What was Louisiana?
The great interior basis founded by Robert la Salle. Named after Louis XIV.
What French port commanded the Mississippi River?
New Orleans commanded the Mississippi River.
The first two Four Wars of Empire were called what and when were they fought?
The first two Four wars of Empire were called King William's War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne's War (1702-1713). Mostly pitted British colonists against French Coureurs de bois, with both sides recruiting what Indian allies they could.
Who fought in the first two Wars of Empire, where and what was the outcome?
The British and French fought in the first wars of Empire. The Indian allies of the French ravaged British colonial frontiers. British colonists failed in sallies against Quebec and Montreal but temporarily seized Port Royal in Acadia (Nova Scotia)
The Treaty of Utrecht showed how badly France and Spain had been beaten. England received what as a result of the treaty?
Britain was rewarded French populated Acadia, Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay. This immense tracts piched the St. Lawrence settlements of France.
What was salutary neglect?
Unofficial policy of relaxed royal control over colonial trade and only weak enforcement of Navigation laws. Lasted from the Glorious Revolution to the end of the French and Indian war.
What small scale war erupted in America between Britain and Spain? It later merged with what European war called what in America?
The small scale war in America was called War of Jenkin's Ear. It later merged with the war of Austrian succession or George's War (1744-1763)
Where did the British colonists score a victory?
Colonists scored a victory when they captured the French fortress of Louisbourg on Cape BReton Island and companded the approaches to the St. Lawrence River.
When the Treaty of 1748 handed Louisburg back to France, American colonists were what?
The colonists were outraged when Louisburg wa handed back to French colonists.
What area was the chief bone of contention between France and England?
The Ohio Valley
What forts did the French set up in the Ohio Valley? What British colony claimed land their?
The French set up the fort of Duquesne. The Virginians claimed land in the upper Ohio Valley.
What Virginian was sent to ask the French to leave the area? What fort did he establish? Who won the skirmish near that fort?
George Washington was sent to ask the French to leave the area. He established Fort Necessity. The French surrounded Washington, but permitted him to march his men away with full honors if he signed a confession for murdering the French diplomat.
In 1775, who did British kick out of Acadia and where did they go?
The British kicked the French Acadians and scattered them as far south as Louisiana. Now called "Cajuns"
The French and Indian War turned into what World War?
The Seven Years War
What sides fought each other in Europe.
The British and Prussia fought against France, Spain, Austria, and Russia.
What was the purpose of the Albany Plan of Union
The purpose was to achieve greater colonial unity and thus a greater defense against France. Wanted to keep the Iroquois tribe loyal to Britain.
What happened to the British General Braddock and his troops at the Battle of Fort Duquesne?
Braddock encountered a much smaller French and Indian army. the British troop was attacked and lost the fight.
As a result of Braddock's defeat, what did the Natives that were allied with the French do?
The Natives were inflamed by the easy victory and widened their warpath. They attacked the full frontier from pennsylvania to North Carolina.
Who was William Pitt, what were his nicknames?
He was a superlative leader brought forth by Britain. He was called "the Great Commoner" and "Organizer of Victory"
How did Sir Pitt plan to win the French and Indian War?
He planned to soft-pedal assaults on the French West Indies. He dispatched an expedition to Louisburg. Planned to attack the Quebec area next.
Who were James Wolfe and Marquis de Montcalm?
James Wolfe was a thirty two year old officer chosen by Pitt. Marquis de Montcalm was the leader of the French.
What happened at the Battle of Quebec? Why was it so significant?
Montreal fell. French power was thrown completely off the continent of North America. Great Britain emerged as the dominant power in North America while taking its place as the leading naval power in the world.
What geographic areas changed hands with the Treaty of Paris?
The French were thrown of the continent of North America. Allowed to retain small areas of land on the Island of the West Indies. The French lost all Canadian possessions, most empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain got all of French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England. England got all French lands in Canada and exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade.
Where did colonists want to go after the French and Indian War?
The colonists wanted to go farther west after the French and Indian war. West of the Appalachian mountains.
Who was Pontiac?
He was the chief of the Ottawa Indians. He led several tribes aided by a handful of French traders who remained in the region. Pontiac's Rebellion was when Ottawa and French traders attacked the British trying to drive them out of the Ohio Valley. Laid siege to Detroit.
What was the proclamation of 1763? Why did Parliament pass it? How did colonists respond to it?
The proclamation of 1763 prohibited settlement in the area beyond the Appalachians. Parliament passed it to work out the Indian problem fairly and prevent another bloody eruption like Pontiac's uprising. The colonists were dismayed and angered. In response they clogged the westward trails.
Sets with similar terms
APUSH Chapter 6 Terms
APUSH Chapter 6 Terms
APUSH chapter 6
History- Chapter 6
Other sets by this creator
Hamlet Act 4 Vocabulary
Act 3 Hamlet Vocabulary
Hamlet Act 1 Vocabulary
Hamlet Characters AP Lit