Upgrade to remove ads
unit 2 gov vocab (pt. 1)
Terms in this set (52)
A legislature made up of two houses.
House of Representatives
The lower house of the US Congress, made up of 435 voting members representing single-member congressional districts.
The upper house of the US Congress, made up of 100 members with 2 from each state.
The process of allotting congressional seats to each state based on population, occurs every 10 years after a decennial census.
Partisan redistricting done to benefit a party or other group.
Shaw v. Reno
1993 Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that majority-minority districts created under the Voting Rights Act of 1965 can be challenged if race is the sole factor in the creation of the district.
Baker v. Car
1962 Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that federal courts could intervene in redistricting issues, and established the principle of "one man, one vote"
Amendment ratified in 1913 which made Senators elected by direct popular vote instead of being appointed by state legislatures
Model of representation in which elected representative listens to constituents' opinions and then used his or her best judgement to make a final decision
Model of representation in which a representative votes the way his or her constituents want, regardless of personal opinion
The powers of the national government which are specifically granted to Congress in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution
Amendment ratified in 1913 which authorized Congress to enact a national income tax
"Necessary and Proper" Clause
Constitutional clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution which allows Congress to pass all laws which help it carry out the enumerated powers specific to the Constitution
The privilege of members of Congress to be able to send mail without paying for postage
Permanent committees in the House and Senate, each with a specific policy area that they oversee
Temporary committees set up to research or investigate an issue, sometimes release a written report on their findings.
Permanent committees formed with members from both houses of Congress
Temporary joint committees made up of members from both houses of Congress who work to iron out differences in bills from the House and the Senate
Most senior member of the majority party in Congress who leads and directs a committee
Most senior member of the minority party in Congress who serves on a committee
House Rules Committee
House committee which sets rules for debate and amendments for bills only in the House of Representatives
Speaker of the House
Presiding officer over the House of Representatives who is both the political and parliamentary leader of the House and second in the line of presidential succession
Leader of the majority party in either house of Congress, responsible for setting the agenda and leading the party in Congress
Leader of the minority party in either house of Congress, works to organize the opposition party's activities
Party leaders who work in Congress to count votes, enforce party ideology, and act as a communication link between party leaders and congressmen
President pro tempore
Member of the majority party in the Senate who sits in for the Vice President when they are not presiding, traditional a ceremonial position given to the most senior member of the majority party
President of the Senate
The office held by the Vice President, presides over the Senate and has the power to break ties
A stalling tactic used in the Senate in which long speeches and debate are used to delay legislative action
A measure in the House of Representatives in which a majority of the members vote to force a bill out of committee and onto the House floor for debate
A motion in the Senate requiring 60 votes which ends a filibuster
Voting to support a congressional colleague's legislation in return for a promise of future support
Pork barrel legislation
Legislation which allows for representatives to bring money back to their home district in the for fo public works programs, military bases, or other programs
Amendment ratified in 1804 which establishes the procedure for electing the President and Vice President
Amendment ratified in 1951 which prevents a President from serving more than 2 terms or a total of 10 years if they succeed another president mid-term
Amendment adopted in 1967 which established procedure for filling vacancies in the offices of President and Vice President as well as providing procedures to deal with the disability of the President
1794 rebellion by western Pennsylvania farmers against federal taxes on liquor which was putdown by federal troops led by George Washington and Alexander Hamilton
Powers which belong to the President because they can be inferred in the Constitution
Head of state
The role of the President as the chief representative of the country
Power of the President as head of the executive branch
Commander in chief
Power of the President as the commander of the US's armed forces
Power of the President as chief negotiator
Power of the President to act as the leader of his or her party
A rule or regulation issues by the President which has the same effect as a law passed by Congress.
The implied presidential power that allows the President to refuse the disclosure of information regarding confidential conversations or national security issues to Congress or the judiciary
A formal international agreement entered in to by the President that does not require the advice and consent of Congress
The formal and appointed body of presidential advisors who head the fifteen executive departments.
Executive Office of the President
The mini-bureaucracy created in 1939 to help the President oversee the executive branch
Office of Budget and Management
The executive office that prepares the President's annual budget, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules.
Office created by Article II of the Constitution to preside over the Senate and to fill any vacancy in the office of President due to death, resignation, removal, or disability
War Powers Resolution
Law passed by Congress in 1973 which creates a check on the President's power to commit troops to an armed conflict without the approval of Congress
The formal, constitutional authority of the President to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, preventing them from become law without further congressional action
Action in which the President refuses to sign a bill presented to him within 10 days of the end of a Congressional session, after which the bill is considered vetoed without the President's signature
Sets with similar terms
US Politics Final
ap gov 12/13/20
AP Gov-Congress and President
Combo with "Presidency Vocab" and 1 other
Other sets by this creator
2/14 ap euro dates
AP euro Napoleon timeline
ap euro timeline (1492-1789)
AP euro protestant reformation dates
Other Quizlet sets
The Neuromuscular junction
The Dreaded Fire Behavior