Chapter 2 Key Terms
Terms in this set (19)
A system in which the power of the government is limited, not absolute.
A system by which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government
Separation of Powers
The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
The money a government collects from taxes or other sources
An agreement prohibiting trade
A collection of laws
A law that sets local regulations
Trade among the states
Not sanctioned by law
A political disorder
Favored the constitution
opposed the new Constitution, feared the new Constitution would erode fundamental liberties, and argued that the new Constitution was a class-based document serving the economic elite.
Drafted by James Madison while he waited for a quorum to assemble at the constitutional convention.
Provides the states with equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives
New Jersey Plan (Great Compromise)
Each state to have 1 vote in congress instead of votes based on population.
-Counted slaves as 3/5 slaves counted as a person
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution
Articles of Confederation
the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.