AP World History Ways of the World: Chapter 6 Terms

Terms from the Ways of the World textbook.
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Yellow Turban Rebellion
A massive Chinese peasant uprising inspired by Daoist teachings that began in 184 CE with the goal of establishing a new golden age of equality and harmony.
Empress Wu
The only female "emperor" in Chinese history (r. 690-705 CE), she patronised scholarship, worked to elevate the position of women, and provoked a backlash of Confucian misogynist invective.
Wang Mang
A Han court official who usurped the throne and ruled from 8 CE to 23 CE; noted for his reform movement that included the breakup of large estates.
The "Three obediences"
In Chinese Confucian thought, the notion that a woman is permanently subordinate to male control first that of her father, then of her husband, and finally of her son.
Spartacus
A Roman gladiator who led the most serious slave revolt in Roman history from 73 to 71 BCE.
Scholar-gentry class
A term used to describe members of China's landowning families, reflecting their wealth from the land and the privilege that they derived as government officials.
"Ritual purity" in Indian social practice
In India, the idea that members of higher castes must adhere to strict regulations limiting or forbidding their contact with objects and members of lower castes to preserve their own caste standing and their relationship with the gods.
Pericles
A prominent and influential statesman of Ancient Athens (ca. 495-429 BCE); presided over Athen's Golden Age.
Helots
The dependent, semi-enslaved class of ancient Sparta whose social discontent prompted the militarisation of Spartan society.
Greek and Roman slavery
In the Greek and Roman world, slaves were captives from war and piracy (and their descendants), abandoned children, and the victims of long-distance trade; manumission was common. Among the Greeks, household service was the most common form of slavery, but in parts of the Roman state, thousands of slaves were employed under brutal conditions in the mines and on great plantations.
Caste as varna and jati
The system of social organisation in India that has evolved over millennia; it is based on an original division of the populace into four inherited classes (varna), with the addition of thousands of social distinctions based on occupation (jatis), which became the main cell of social life in India.
Aspasia
A foreign woman resident in Athens (ca. 470-400 BCE) and partner of the statesman Pericles who was famed for her learning and wit.