Upgrade to remove ads
Acids & Bases and Organic Molecules
Terms in this set (26)
substances that release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Compounds that reduce the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution.
an acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution; Ex. lemon juice & stomach acid
Acids have a pH
less than 7.0
Bases have a pH
reater than 7.0
A base that dissociates completely into ions in solution. Ex. NaOH & ammonia
Bases are generally
soapy and can be used for cleaning
a pH of 7.0 is
The pH of blood
should be maintained at 7.4
compound that prevents sharp, sudden changes in pH
the ability to maintain a constant internal environment in response to environmental changes.
any substance containing carbon-based compounds, especially produced by or derived from living organisms.
an organic molecule made up of one unit
an organic molecule made up of a long chain of repeating units
the starches and sugars present in foods
Carbohydrates are used to
store and release quick energy
Carbohydrates are compounds made of
C, H, and O
Single sugar molecules (monomers)
Examples of monosaccharides are
glucose and fructose
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides
example of disaccharide
table sugar - glucose bonded to fructose
are chains of three or more monosaccharides.
Example of polysaccharide
starch, glycogen, cellulose
A storage polysaccharide in plants consisting entirely of glucose.
An extensively branched glucose storage polysaccharide found in the liver and muscle of animals.
polysaccharide consisting of glucose monomers that reinforces plant-cell walls
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Organic Chemistry, IB Biology Topic 2.3…
Chapter 2 Chemistry of Life- Part II
Chapter 2 A&P 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Safety Review (from Flynn Scientific Contract)