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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit 2 Exploration
Terms in this set (23)
Nations gaining power based on its individual wealth
What were some negative impacts on the Columbian exchange?
And the positives?
Native Americans caught many diseases from the Europeans, to which they had no immunity.
- Nations built wealth
Who was Cortes? Who did he conquer? What type of advantages did he have over them?
-He had guns which the Native Americans had never seen before.
-He had horses
-diseases wiped out a large amount of the Native American population
What advantages did Cortes have over the Native Americans?
Guns, Horses, disease killed many of the Native Americans
the exchange launched by Columbus that included the trade of: animals, plants and disease between North America, Europe, and Africa.
Four Motives of Exploration?
Wealth, Fame, Adventure, Christianity.
Europeans wanted luxury items such as spices; jade; silks; perfume. To obtain them they had to travel to Asia.
Some explorers wanted to bring fame and glory to their name
the reformation had created a renewed interest in Christianity
-When Columbus returned home he brought native americans to be baptized.
people were curious about the world
- it was made possible by new technology and contact with Musliums and Chinese.
Who was involved in the Triangle Trade?
- Africa, Europe, North and South America
Colonists were given a certain number of Native Americans to work for them, in exchange the Spanish taught them Chrisitaity - the end of this system brings on the beginning of the slave trade.
is an economic system where the goal is to make as much profit as possible
sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean in 1492
Who did Pizzaro defeat?
-He led an expedition to Peru, and defeated the Inca Empire.
It brought Africans to Americas to be sold as slaves- one of the worst human rights tragedies in history.
Dias: was the first one to attempt to round the cape but failed due to poor weather.
Magellan: becomes the 1st man crew to sail across the world. He was killed in the Phillippines in a fight with the natives. His crew started with 250 but ended with 18.
Columbus: launched history a heavy contact between north america and europe.
Vespucci: discovered america was not asia; this is who america gets our name from
Name four inventions of exploration. What impact did each of these have on exploration?
It allowed sailors to know their location based on the position of the sun.
Compass: came from china, allowed sailors to know which way was north.
Deep draft ships: allowed them to sail in more turbulent seas. Larger cargo, more supplies to be carried.
Caravel: light and quick sailing ship, more maneuverable.
lasted from the 1600's to the 1800's that carried goods and enslaved people between Europe the Americas and Africa.
What was the Columbian Exchange? What were the advantages and disadvantages of this exchange?
A history of heavy Contact between North America and Europe.
-the exchange launched by Columbus that included the trade of: animals, plants and disease between North America, Europe, and Africa. The Europeans were greatly benefited from his exchange.
What is the difference between Mercantilism and Capitalism?
Mercantilism: Nations gaining power based on its individual wealth
Capitalism- gain as much profit as possible, the government should not intervene with economy.
What advantages did the Europeans have over the North Americans?
Resistance to European diseases, metal guns, horses, Europeans took over much of North America.
Long Lasting impacts of slave trade?
-The knowledge of agriculture that the Africans brought to the Americas helped the US farm economy blossom.
(African Diaspora and economic devastation to West Africa)
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