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What do Biologists mean when they say that a mushroom is like an iceberg?
They mean that because the main part of an iceberg is under the surface of the water, that the main part of the mushroom is underground, The mycelium.
What are the five features common to most fungi?
Extracellular Digestion, Mycelium, hyphae, rhizoid hyphae, cell walls of chitin
Members of Myxomycta are placed in what kingdom by some biologists, for what reason?
They are placed in kingdom Protista because they resemble protozoa for much of their lives.
The mycelium of a mushroom grows outward in dense patches. What does this form and why?
It forms Fairy Rings because when new myceliums form on the outside, the myceliums in the inside run out of food and die. Thus they form a ring
Shelf Fungi are part of what phylum and what do they grow?
Basidiomycota and they grow shelflike structures on both dead and living wood
What are two pathogenic fungi and what maladies do they cause?
Claviceps purpurea (ergot of rye) is deadly to humans and Chyphonectria Parasitica causes chestnut blight
What is a soredium?
A specilized spore produced by most lichens and it contains spores from both the fungus and the algae.
What produced the first antibiotic ever discovered?
Fungi in Genus Penicillium which are in phylum Deuteromycota
What does the fungus of a mycorrhiza do?
Absorbs nutrients from the roots and gives the plant minerals in return
How is budding different thatn asexual reproduction in bacteria?
The difference is that the offspring stays attatched to the parent cell until it is fully grown
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