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22 terms

History Exam- page 7

STUDY
PLAY
Elcid
A spanish epic. Elcid is the hero and he defeats all of the heros.
Beowulf
epic poem fighting the evil
Song of Roland
French hero fighting Rendall the Dragon
Divine Comedy
Written by Dante Alighhieri. It is about life, death, and life after deat and getting into heaven. The number one reason why not to get into heaven is gossip.
The Cantebury Tales
The stories of people on a pilgrimage to Cantebury to see the place where Thomas Becket died. The stories they tell each other for entertainment. Written by Geoffrey Chaucer
Vernacular
the common language
Troubaduors
Singing entertainers for money (street performers)
Romanesque
Churches shaped in a cross. Thick walls and columns, massice heavy rooves, small windows, round arches. located in southern Europe, especially in Italy, dark, alters had gold on them to reflect the light of the sun
Gothic
flying buttresses, lots of carving, vaulted and high ceilings, stained glass windows, tall spire, POINTED ARCHES, gargoils to carry away water
Medieval Art
The only decent thing is the manuscripts of the Monk.
Illuminated Manuscripts of the Monks
The pages that Monks copied. He would draw pages on it and make it fancy to make it less boring.
100 years war-between-why
between England and France over land that was in French territory but supposedly owned by England. France wins and gains the land in southern France.
Crecy- Longbow
major battle where the Welsh Longbow is first used. It could kill people from far away and needed two people to opperate.
Calais- Cannon
A city on the coast of France that the English use the cannon first. Cannons were used to break down walls, not kill people.
Joan of Arc's story
She gets visions from God saying that she can defeat the English. She leads the army in Orleans and the French win. A nobleman didn't like that she was a woman ones he found out so he gave her up to the English and they burned her at stake.
Charles of France
The king that Joan comes to to say that she can help defeat the English.
Winner-1453
France wins.
Four areas of the Iberian Peninsula in 1400's
Castille, Argon,Granada, and Portugal
Three important things that happen to Spain in 1492
Spanish Inquisition gets rid of the Jewish people. The Muslims are kicked out of Spain. Columbus sets sail for "India".
Spanish Inquisition
The church wanted it, it was against heretics, it benefited the church because it continued to keep people closely bound to the church, and the government carried it out because the church never tortures.
Who chose the Holy Roman Emperor?
The nobles and the Pope. The power was with the Pope and with the noblemen.
Reasons for the decline of the Roman Catholic Church in the Late Middle Ages.
The Babylonian Captivity- the Pope leaves Rome and moves to France; The Great Schism- there was more than one pope; Simony- selling positions in the churhc; INDULGENCES- buying your salvation