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during, and immediately after birth
The human body typically begins to be colonized by its normal flora
Which genus is resident flora of the mouth, large intestine, and from puberty to menopause the vagina?
The body site with resident flora that produces beneficial body products, including vitamin K and several other vitamins is the
The time from when the pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the _____ ______.
The primary, natural habitat of a pathogen where it continues to exist is called the _____.
An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a ______.
A laboratory technologist splashed a blood specimen onto his face, eyes, nose, and mouth. This specimen was from an HIV positive patient. If this blood exposure leads to HIV infection in the technologist, the transmission route is _____.
Marion is going to the hospital for a triple bypass operation. She will have greater anesthesia, intravenous catheter, surgical wounds, and a urinary catheter. Which nosocomial infection is she at greater risk for contacting?
lysozyme, lactic acid and electrolytes of sweat, skin's acidic pH and fatty acids, and stomach hydrochloric acid
Nonspecific chemical defenses include:
The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes the peptidoglycan in certain bacterial cell walls is ______.
This body region is protected by fatty acids, acidic pH, lactic acid, and a tough cell barrier with its own normal flora
The clearance of pus, cellular debris, dead neutrophils, and damaged tissue after inflammation is performed by ______.
The most numerous WBC's, that have multilobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are ______.
The _________ system is a support network of CT fibers, that originates in the cellular basal lamina. It provides a passageway within and between tissues and organs. It is also heavily populated with macrophages.
Which gland shrinks in size during adulthood, and has hormones that function in maturation of T-lymphocytes?
The ____ _____ stage of the complement cascade involes a ring-shaped protein digests holes in bacterial cell membranes and virus envelopes.
Maria was scratched on her arm by her cat and the site is experiencing rubor. This means _____.
This composition is made mostly of water and is similar to plasma. It transports numerous white blood cells in vessels simmilar to blood vessels.
The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its _____ _____. That is, virulence is the degree of pathogenicity of an organism: the relative ability of a pathogen to cause disease.
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