Antimicrobics effective against a wide variety of microbial types are termed ____ _____.
Antimicrobics effective against only gram positive bacteria would be termed ____ ____.
Antivirals that target reverse transcriptase would be used to treat ___.
a gas used to sterilize objects or instruments
an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
Drug susceptibility testing
determines the pathogen's response to various antimicrobics.
toxic to the liver
This is less efficient than moist heat
gas used to sterilize heat sensitive ingredients
an effective method to remove microbes from air and liquids
are used to remove microbes from air.
These important characteristics readily delivered to the site of infection, high toxicity against microbial cells, do not cause serious side effects in humans, and remains active in body tissues and fluids, refer to_____.
(an iodophor used in bacterial control) damages granulation tissue only use on intact skin.
decreases chemical reactions/ bacteriostatic, food, drug and culture preservation
ultraviolet radiation, boiling wate, HEPA filters, and pasteurization.
Physical agents for controlling microbial growth include:
transformation, transduction, and conjugation
Resistance factor plasmids are transferred to other bacterial cells during
Scrubbing or immersing the skin in chemicals to reduce the numbers of microbes on the skin
the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means)
Substances that are naturally produced by certain microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms are called ______.
metabolic analogs of PABA and block folic acid synthesis
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
The compound that is an organic base containing chlorine and two phenolic rings, and is used increasingly for handscrubbing, neonatal washes, wound degerming, and prepping surgical skin sites is _______.
The drug used for several protozoan infections is ______.
The most versatile and useful antifungal drug that is used to treat serious systemic fungal infections is ______.
agents that destroy pathogens other than spores
all the plant life in a particular region
This drug is used to treat cases of tuberculosis
Which antimicrobic does not interfere with protein synthesis?
Which antimicrobial is contraindicated for children due to permanent tooth discoloration?
Which chemical is a disinfectant for soft contact lenses?
it directly binds to reverse transcriptase and prevents reverse transcription of HIV RNA, The drug ________seems to slow down the AID's infection by inserting itself into a growing DNA chain of HIV and terminating synthesis.
inhibit viral DNA or RNA replication in the virus, treat viruses
officially accepted as a sterilant and high-level disinfectant.
These microbial forms have the highest resistance to physical and chemical controls
This type of agent targets protein conformation
The structure of a protein
any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
Which organ is responsible for metabolizing and detoxifying foreign chemicals in the blood, including drugs?
denatures proteins; damages DNA, perm destroys important molecules; treat sewage, make raisins (sun)