49 terms

Art of Theatre Ch. 5

STUDY
PLAY
artistic director
The person in charge of the overall creative vision or goal of the ensemble; often chooses which plays to produce, who will direct, and who will design; is also an ambassador to the community, a fundraiser, and the theatre's chief promoter.
assistant stage manager
A person who helps the stage manager run the show during performances and assists the director with the rehearsal process.
call
The time the actors arrive at the theatre.
choreographer
The person who creates the dance numbers for a play or musical, or who teaches the dance numbers to the actors.
concept meeting
An artistic gathering to interpret the playwright's script; the director and designers brainstorm, research, and experiment with different set, costume, and light possibilities.
costume shop
The sewing machines, fabric-cutting tables, fitting rooms, and laundry facilities needed to create and maintain the costumes for a theatrical production.
curtain
Usually the start of a show, but can also be the end of a show or an act, signaled by the raising or lowering of the curtain.
cyclorama
A large, stretched curtain suspended from a U-shaped pipe to make a background that can completely enclose the stage setting. Lights are often projected on the cyc to indicate a location or a mood.
dramaturg
A literary advisor and expert in theatre history who helps directors, designers, and actors better understand the specifics and sensibilities of a play and who can also help playwrights find their voice (sometimes spelled dramaturge).
draper
A person who, after studying the costume designer's drawings and renderings, cuts fabric into patterns that realize the design.
dresser
A person just offstage who helps actors make quick costume changes.
ensemble
The crews of technicians, the assistants, and the artists including actors, directors, speech coaches, playwrights, and designers who use a wide variety of art forms including painting, drawing, writing, and acting as well as set, lighting, and costume design to create a theatre production.
fight director
A specialist who choreographs stage combat from fistfights to swordplay.
flat
Originally, the wood-and-muslin units that made up three walls of a room on stage; now, plain wall units as well as doors, windows, and fireplaces.
ghost light
A single bare light bulb mounted on a portable pole left to burn all night in the middle of the stage as a safety precaution.
greenroom
A small room for actors waiting for their cues, located just off the stage and out of the audience's earshot.
house
A theatre's seating area.
house manager
In charge of all the ushers; deals with any seating problems and makes sure the audience finds their seats and that the play begins on time.
legs
The curtains at the sides of a stage in a proscenium arch theatre.
literary manager
The liaison between playwrights, agents, and the theatre who reads and evaluates new scripts. Also, this person often writes grant applications to help support new play development and stage readings of new plays.
mission statement
A theatre's purpose and key objectives, which can include quality, diversity, and accessibility, as well as the type of theatre to be produced.
movement coach
A specialist who instructs actors in various styles of movement.
musical director
A specialist who works with the musicians and teaches the actors the songs for a musical.
performance report
Detailed notes to the actors and crew informing them of any problems that occurred and what needs to be fixed before the next performance.
producer
In the United States, the person or institution responsible for the business aspects of a production. Producers can be individuals who finance the production with their own money or who control investors' money, or they can be institutions—universities, churches, community organizations, or theatre companies—that control the business side of the production.
production meeting
One of a series of meetings between a director and designers to discuss how to realize the production concept as well as the play's philosophy, interpretation, theme, physical demands, history, and style.
prompt book
A copy of the play on which the production's sound and light cues, blocking notes, and other information needed for rehearsal and performance are recorded.
prop
Short for properties; includes set props such as sofas and beds and hand props, or small objects actors handle on stage such pens, guns, cigars, money, umbrellas, and eyeglasses.
prop check
The prop master ensures props are placed where they need to be and that they are in working order.
prop master
A person who finds and buys props for productions, or designs and builds them; also in charge of rehearsal props.
prop table
A backstage table with each prop laid out and clearly labeled; where actors must place their props before leaving the area.
publicity department
People who promote a theatre and its upcoming productions.
rehearsal costume
A temporary costume used during rehearsal so that the actors get a feel for the actual costume before it is ready.
rehearsal prop
A temporary prop used during rehearsal to represent the real property that the actors will not be able to use until a few days before the play opens.
rehearsal report
The stage manager's written report for the entire ensemble on how rehearsal went and about any concerns or ideas that affect the set, lights, props, or costume.
repertory
A group of plays performed by a theatre company during the course of a season.
rigger
A person who mounts and operates curtains, sets, and anything else that must move via the fly system above the stage; also called "flyman."
running crew
Everyone who helps out backstage during a play.
scrims
A curtain of open-mesh gauze that can be opaque or translucent depending on whether the light comes from in front or behind it.
set designer
The person who interprets a playwright's and director's words into visual imagery for a production; usually has a strong background in interior design, architecture, and art history, as well as theatrical conventions of various periods.
sound board operator
A person who runs the sound board during various sound cues throughout a production; also ensures that all the speakers, mixer, amplifiers, backstage monitor, and intercom are working prior to curtain.
sound designer
A person who synthesizes and records the sounds for a production and designs systems to amplify an actor or singer's voice; has a detailed knowledge of acoustics, electronics, digital music editing programs, audio mixing boards and signal processing equipment, microphones, effects processors, and amplifiers; and sometimes writes and plays transition music or underscore scenes with mood music.
stage door
The back door that actors use to enter and leave the theatre.
stage manager
The most important assistant to a director; the person who is responsible for running the show during the performance and helping the director during auditions and the rehearsal process by taking notes, recording blocking, and scheduling rehearsals.
stagehand
A person who helps shift scenery and generally sets up the play for the next scene.
stitcher
The person who sews fabric patterns together creating the full costumes, and also builds or finds the rehearsal costumes.
teasers
The curtain that frames the top of the stage. Compare legs.
technical director
The person who coordinates, schedules, and engineers all the technical elements of a production.
vocal coach
A specialist who helps actors with speech clarity, volume, accent reduction or acquisition, and preservation of their voices for the long run of a show.