Abeka 7th Grade Science (2018)Test 2
Terms in this set (52)
What is the part of the flower that fruit develops from?
What is an underground structure made of thick, fleshly leaves surrounding a very short stem?
What is a leaf that has more than one blade joined to a petiole?
What is the creeping stem that grows along the surface of the ground in most grass plants?
What is the part of the plant embryo that develops into the root system?
What is the part of the plant embryo that develops into the shoot of the plant?
What type of leaves attach directly to the stem?
What is a plant that needs two growing seasons to complete its life cycle?
What is the scientific name for plants that produce seeds covered by a flower?
Christian Konrad Sprengel
Who was the German botanist known for discovering many complex details of plant reproduction?
allowing plant reproduction
What is the primary purpose of flowers?
What are leaf-like structures at the base of a flower's petals?
What is the term used for the main force that brings water up a plant's transport tubes, the loss of water from leaves?
Queens Anne's lace
What is a member of the parsley family that is also known as wild carrot?
stigma, style and ovary
Be able to identify the parts of the pistil.
alternate leaf arrangement
What type of leaf arrangement does this branch have?
What is the term for a young plant that is able to survive without its cotyledons?
What type of plants have nonwoody stems?
What is the food-making process of plants?
What is the part of the stamen that produces pollen grains?
What is the transfer of pollen from the stamen to the top of the pistil?
What is the plant reproduction that does not involve flowers, seeds or fruit?
What is the part of the flower that attracts pollinators?
What are tiny one-celled reproductive structures found on plants such as ferns?
What is the place where the leaf attaches to the stem?
After a pollen grain reaches a flower, what forms through which the sperm cell will travel to reach the egg cell?
What family's fruits are called legumes?
What family's fruits are called grains?
What family has square and stout stems with flowers usually arranged in spikes?
What family are monocots that have tepals and inferior ovaries and grow from bulbs, corns, or rhizomes?
Most members of this family have woody stems; fleshly fruits; flower parts in multiples of five; and cup-shaped blossoms with white, pink, or rose-colored petals?
What family is the most important group of plants?
What family of plants help return nitrogen to the soil?
What family is also called the crowfoot family because of their leaf shape that resembles a bird's foot?
the XYLEM carries water and nutrients from the root hairs upward through the root system and the stem to the leaves.
The type of flowers found in the center of the composite flower head are RAY flowers.
Water and dissolved chemicals are absorbed through the cell membrane of the root hairs by OSMOSIS.
The storage cells that surround a root's transport tubes form the CAMBIUM.
This branch shown has an OPPOSITE leaf arrangement?
Birds and other animals can aid in the MECHANICAL dispersal of seeds.
Plnats without vascular systems are called TRACHEOPHYTES.
The three main parts of a seed are the embryo, endosperm, and the SEED COAT.
Growth of a plant in length is SECONDARY growth.
false/ root pressure
The upward force in the transport tubes produced by water entering the root hairs is CAPILLARITY.
a geranium seed pod bursting
What is an example of mechanical dispersal
There has been very little rain since he planted the seeds.
Bob planted a vegetable garden, but after several weeks nothing has grown. What is the best observation why the seeds did not germinate?
A few weeks after planting bean seeds, you notice something that looks like shriveled leaves in the middle of the stem. What are these structures?
When looking at a leaf under a microscope, you notice little green structures moving within each cell. What are they?
What process can only occur during the day?
What type of venation does this leaf illustrate?
What type of margin does this leaf have?
Monocots have only one cotyledon; Dicots have two
Monocots have long, slender leaves with parallel veins; Dicots have broad leaves with branching veins
Monocots have petals in groups of three; Dicots have petals in groups of four or five.
Monocots have a fibrous root system; Dicots have a taproot system
Essay:Contrast the different type of monocots and dicots...include four major characteristics.
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