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Turning Points Test 1
Terms in this set (52)
What is a college credit hour?
50 minute block of seat time
What does the first number of a college course most often indicate?
The course grade level
Why is 12 credit hours considered a full time student status?
Because it is the same amount of hours as a full time job if you include the hours of studying required.
What are three "schools" of historical interpretation? Identify and differentiate between general characteristics of each.
Nationalists - Admit mistakes, but U.S viewed as a progressive force for good in the world
Revisionists - U.s harmful because of greed
Realists - Believe we can learn from history, See both the good and bad
What is the goal of history?
To tell a story
Identify the goal of, and significance of Christopher Columbus.
He wanted to find a route to india by sea instead of by land but instead found the new world and started the age of exploration.
Identify distinct aspects of Native American development and culture prior to European arrival (Paleo through Aztec).
paleo were the people that first got to american they hunted gathered, then when things got settled farming came in, the population grew, villages formed, then they evolved into the Aztecs and were brutal in their power
Identify key Spanish explorers, their goals for the throne of Spain, and why Spain became the leading colonial power and wealthiest European nation in the early 1500s.
Cortez and coronado and columbus(the c men), increase money for country, they stole a bunch of gold from natives.
What was the significance of the Aztec Empire?
They were the main tribal power in the New World when the Spanish arrived in Mexico.
How was Spain able to defeat the Aztecs?
they had superior weaponry and the aid of 200,000 Native Americans. They also cut off the water supply.
Identify the three main European colonial powers and their first permanent American settlements.
Spain - St Augustine - 1565
England - Jamestown - 1607
France - Quebec - 1608
Identify the area, goals of, and individuals participating in French settlement.
Canada, find land and get money by trading furs, ?
Who were the "special forces" of the Catholic Church?
What were joint-stock companies?
They funded settlers into the New World.
Identify two joint-stock companies and their settlements in early English colonial development.
Virginia and Massachusetts companies
Who was Powhatan?
a Native American chief who ruled over much of the Virginia territory when English settlers arrived, his daughter is Pocahontas.
Identify the significance of John Smith.
John was a very experienced leader and negotiated peace with Indians ad Powhatan that lasted around 50 years.
Identify the significance of Tisquantum (Squanto).
He was a native american that could speak both indian dialects and english. He was the negotiator for the americans when confronting indians. He ends up betraying both sides and is killed.
Differentiate between the Native American tribes and leaders encountered in Virginia and those encountered in New England (Massachusetts) and New York, and the Ohio River Valley (Powhattan, Wampanoag, Iroquois, Shawnee).
How did the bankruptcy of the Virginia Company serve to benefit the colony at Jamestown?
It gave ownership to the king in turn making it profitable because they were able to grow whatever they wanted. (tobacco)
What was the importance of achieving a "headright" for an indentured servant?
You gained headright usually after 7 years of working, you were given a piece of land and you became free.
How did the Protestant Reformation impact settlement? (Pilgrims/Puritans)
Puritans wanted out of England because of all the persecuting that was happening.
How were English settlements markedly different from Spanish and French settlements?
Spain and France were military bases/forts and trading posts, while the English attempted to recreate England towns.
What is mercantilism?
An economic system where the government regulates trade for its own benefit at the expense of its rivals.
What are three characteristics or requirements of the English colonial trade system under the Navigation Acts?
enumerated products, shipping regulations, and finished goods
What is salutary neglect?
The British policy of relaxed rule towards colonial governments so long as they remained loyal
What are the origins of the Cajun culture found today in Louisiana?
The french were placed there after being removed from acadia (nova scotia) (sounds kinda like cajun) This was from King William's War.
What is the Iroquois Confederacy and the nature of the clash in the Ohio River Valley that erupted in 1754.
The iroquois confederacy consisted of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca peoples. And was important because they did trade with the English and sold them the Ohio river valley
Differentiate between indentured servants and slavery.
Indentured servants were to be released and given land after working for a certain amount of time
What was the Middle Passage?
The root from Africa to America when trading slaves
How was cotton and tobacco tied to slavery?
Cotton and Tobacco required lots of people to work, so people bought slaves to do it
What was the Stono Rebellion?
An early slave revolt that caused the South to increased dependency on indenture.
What were slave codes?
laws to control slaves
Identify concepts of the Enlightenment as espoused by John Locke and his philosophy on government.
Social contract, life, liberty and property, government should exist by the people for the people
Identify key events and individuals associated with the American battlefield in the French and Indian War
3 Forks of the Ohio, Fort Duquesne, Fort Necessity, George Washington, Marquis de Montcalm, William Pitt, Treaty of Paris of 1763
What was the Great Awakening?
religious revival movement
What impact did the French and Indian War have on the relationship between England and the American colonies?
It broke down the relationship
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
Prohibited colonists from moving west of the Appalachians
Who was Pontiac?
After the French and Indian War, Pontiac led raids because colonists were invading land
What was the Quartering Act?
Required colonists to provide housing and supplies to British troops
What was the Stamp Act of 1765?
An act that required colonists to pay for an official stamp when they bought any paper items.
What was the Boston Massacre?
The killing of 5 civilians by British troops which helped spark the American Revolutionary War and was reason for making the committees of correspondence
What were the Townshend Acts of 1767?
An act that placed taxes on glass, lead, paper, paints, and tea
What was the Tea Act of 1773?
Eliminated British tarrifs from tea sold in the colonies by the British East India Company. Act lowered tea prices, but angered colonists who smuggled. led to boston tea party
Who were the Sons of Liberty?
a group of patriots who protested British laws, they did the Boston tea party
Why was General Gage sent to Massachusetts?
to arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock, and to confiscate weapons being stockpiled by colonists. this was lexington and concord
What was the significance of Lexington and Concord in 1775?
Called the "shot heard round the world" also it was considered the first battle of the american revolution
New York, MOOCS
Massachusetts, Squanto, Massasoit
3 Forks of the Ohio River
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