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Methods of Development

STUDY
PLAY
rhetoric
thoughtful, reflective activity of effective communication
ethos
ethical appeal
logos
logical, appeal to reason
pathos
emotional appeal
rhetorical triangle
interactions between speaker to subject, audience to speaker and audience to subject
connotation
implied meaning of a word
persona
the character of a speaker or writer
thesis
a clear and focused main idea
tone
the attitude of the speaker
audience
the people to whom a subject is addressed
polemic
an argument against an idea
narration
storytelling that holds the attention of readers and listeners
anecdote
story that illustrates a point, adding details and support arguments
narrator
story teller
point of view
angle of seeing
description
revealing something through the perceptions of the senses; method of expression
objective description
description that emphasizes on a topic
subjective description
description that emphasizes on the writer's view
dominant impression
the main idea the writer conveys about a subject
concrete
words that describe our senses for clarity
abstract
words that refer to ideas we can't directly perceive
example
instances that reveal a whole type
generalization
general statement
comparison and contrast
noticing similarities and differences in two or more different subjects
subject by subject
an essay with facts about one subject in one paragraph, facts about another subject in another paragraph. the conclusion sums it all up
point by point
an essay that compares as it goes, considering one point in one paragraph bringing each subject into the paragraph
analogy
equating two very unlike things with reason of bringing them together
process analysis
step by step process
directive process
explains how to do something
informative process
explains how something is done
division analysis
to slice large complicated subjects into smaller parts
analysis
separate subjects into their parts
criticism
to go beneath the surface of a subject
inference
means to understand a writer's meaning
assumption
belief, opinion taken for granted
synthesis
linking elements into a whole
cause and effect
analyzing reasons for actions events analyzing consequences
immediate cause
an apparent cause
remote cause
underlying, hidden reason for an event
causes
reasons for actions, events or decisions
coincidence
actions occurred but they are not the reasons for outcomes
definition
literal and specific meaning of a word
dictionary definition
literal, technical definition
stipulative definition
specifies a term that is central to the essay and likely to be misunderstood
extended definition
explore a topic in full to explain its meaning
satire
to expose/attack by entertainment with the intent of bringing about improvement