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46 terms

history chapter 1-3 vocab pg 6-85

STUDY
PLAY
Prehistory
time before written record
Archaeology
the study of human life in the pastthrough the examination of the things that people left behind
Artifacts
objects made and used by humans
Fossils
the remains or imprints of living things that existed millions of years ago
Hunter-Gatherers
lived by hunting small animals and gathering plants
Innovation
a new way of doing things
Nomads
moved from place to place with the seasons
Culture
a way of life
Neanderthals
group of people that appeared in Europe and part of Asia about 200,000 years ago
Homo Sapiens
were the first modern humans/or people like you
Populate
become inhabitants of every region of the world
Migration
the movement of people from their homeland to other places
Environment
surroundings
Adapt
change their way of life
Domesticate
means to change the behavior of a population of animals or plants in ways that are useful for humans
Revelution
a complete change in ways of thinking,working,or living
Surplus
more than they need
Specialize
spend most og their time working at a craft
Economy
the production,distribution,and use of goods and services
Civilazation
is a society that has cities, a well-organized government, and workers with specialized job skills
Resource
a supply of something that can be used as needed
Established Religion
a set of religous beliefs shared by everyone in a society
Social Classes
groups of people that occupy different ranks or levels in society
Hieroglyph
a symbol that can be represent a word,an idea,or a sound
Astronomy
the study of the stars and planets
Architecture
building design
Pyramid
a structure with a flat base and sides shaped like triangles
Irrigation
a system for watering crops
Population
number of people
City-State
made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages that it controls
Barter
a trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money
Polytheism
they worshiped many gods
Scribe
person who trained to write keep records in ancient times
Kingship
a government headed by a king
Law Code
a written set of laws
Technology
the application of human intelligence to problems to create new and better ways of doing things
Cuneiform
written language of Sumer
Cultural Borrowing
terms means the transfer of ideas or customs from one culture to another
Pictograph
pictures that represent objects
Alphabet
a small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single sound
Conquest
occurs when one people defeats and control another
Empire
a group of countries or peoples who are ruled by one government
Chariots
wheeled war vehicles
Barbarians
people without civilazations
Mary and Louis Leakey
discovered human fossils at a place called Olduvai Gorge in East Africa
Michael Brunet
in 2001 found in the African country of Chad a worn brown humanlike skull.Tests showed the skull to be nearly 7 million years old.