1810 - Georgia state legislature had tried to revoke a land grant (Yazoo lands) from private speculators.
(*Yazoo Land Act of 1795 - land split into 4 tracts and sold to land speculators, public later found out that GA legislature was bribed to approve this Act, officials involved not re-elected, so new officials try to revoke/repeal Act and land)
- The Court ruled that a state cannot arbitrarily interfere with a person's property rights. Since the land grant was a legal contract, it could not be repealed, even if corruption was involved.
- First time a state law is declared unconstitutional; 'contract' part of the Constitution overrode state law.