Upgrade to remove ads
American Anthem - Chapter 14/15
Terms in this set (59)
A risk taker who starts new ventures within the economic system of capitalism
An economic system based on a free market, open competition, profit motive and private ownership of the means of production.
When one company has complete control of a marketplace, without any outside competition
John D. Rockefeller
American industrialist and philanthropist who made a fortune in the oil business and used horizontal integration to establish a monopoly.
The business practice of owning all of the businesses involved in each step of producing a product.
The business practice of owning all the businesses in a certain market.
American industrialist and humanitarian who focused his attention on steelmaking and made a fortune through his vertical integration method.
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890 law that made it illegal to create monopolies or trusts that restrained free trade; first attempt by the government to control big business.
A small workshop set up in a tenement rather than in centralized factories.
One of the most powerful railroad leaders during the industrial revolution. He is credited with using ruthless tactics such as forcing smaller owners to sell to him. By the time of his death in 1877, his companies controlled 4,500 miles of track and linked NYC to the Great Lakes.
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs. A key component of the Gilded Age.
A description often applied to the late 19th century belief that "survival of the fittest" justifies the competition of laissez-faire capitalism and imperialist policies.
List of troublemakers in a factory who might be attempting to organize workers.
Knights of Labor
One of the first National Unions of workers; accepted skilled and unskilled workers; lost a lot of support after the Haymarket Strike.
American Federation of Labor (AF of L)
Led by Samuel Gompers; alliance of skilled workers in craft unions; focus was bread-and butter issues such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of American Railway Union, he went on to help found the Socialist Party of America; 5 time Presidential candidate
Place that many immigrants came through when coming to America. Located in New York Harbor.
Immigration Station in San Francisco Bay.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Law passed in 1882 that banned Chinese immigration for 10 years.
President Roosevelt in 1907, talking with Japan, making an agreement that no skilled workers can immigrate to America.
Community centers located in the slums and near tenements that gave aid to the poor, especially immigrants
Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape designer of New York City's Central Park, who wanted cities that exposed people to the beauties of nature.
Late 19th century Protestant movement preaching that all true Christians should be concerned with the plight of immigrants and other poor residents of American cities and should financially support efforts to improve lives of the urban poor.
William M. Tweed
Most notorious political machine boss in NYC. May have stolen up to $200M from the city while boss of Tammany Hall
A famous editorial cartoonist in the late 1800s and is considered to be the father of American political cartooning. His work was primarily based on political corruption. He helped people realize the corruption of some politicians
Law that allowed a man to vote if his father or grandfather could.
Jim Crow Law
Term used for laws discriminating against African Americans.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Court upheld the practice of segregation.
Booker T. Washington
Believed African Americans should accept segregation for the time being, founder of Tuskegee institute, focused on job training programs for African Americans
Civil Rights leader who believed in speaking out against segregation. Helped found the NAACP.
Black civil rights organization founded by W.E.B. DuBois and others in 1909 to protest discrimination and advance justice for African Americans.
a process developed in the 1850s that led to faser, cheaper steel production.
Edwin L. Drake
drilled the first commercial oil well
oil prospectors who came to Pennsylvania in the mid and late 1800s
Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
Terence V. Powderly
led the Knights of Labor, a skilled and unskilled union, wanted equal pay for equal work, an 8hr work day and to end child labor
fear of foreigners
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor. He provided a stable and unified union for skilled workers.
ended the Pullman strike by calling federal officers
Transportation system designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes
Orville and wilbur Wright
These brothers were bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio who built and flew the first plane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903.
A device that used electrical signals to send messages quickly over long distances
Thomas Alva Edison
Inventor and scientist, invented the light bulb
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented the telephone
an aid organization set up by residents of a community to help its immigrants
Irish immigrant who settled in San Fransicso and fought for workers rights. He led strikes in protest of the growing number of imported Chinese workers who worked for less than the Americans. Founded the Workingman's Party, which was later absorbed into the Granger movement.
a requirement that citizens show that they can read before registering to vote
Inventor who developed the first safety elevator in 1852.
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
Founder of Henry Street Settlement House in NY and Founder of Public Health Nursing
25th Ohio's governor (1896) believed the gold standard was the key to the nations property
The Peoples' Party was born in Nebraska in July 1892. This coalition of farmers, labor leaders, and reformers became known as the Populist Party.
Social and educational organization founded in 1867 to gain more political representation for farmers and to improve their living standards.
Chester A Arthur
Appointed customs collector for the port of New York - corrupt and implemented a heavy spoils system. He was chosen as Garfield's running mate. Garfield won but was shot, so Arthur became the 21st president.
James A. Garfield
the 20th President of the US; he died two months after being shot and six months.
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
Strict rules of behavior, called racial etiquette,
governed social and business interactions. African
Americans were supposed to "know their place" and defer to whites in every encounter.
the murder of an individual, usually by hanging, without a legal trial
You might also like...
APUSH U5 Vocab
Chapter 20-22 APUSH
APUSH Chapters 24,25,26,27,28,& 29
Other sets by this creator
mush exam (all chapters)
MUSH FINAL EXAM Chapter 22
The Book Thief Study Guide
Biology Unit 1 Study Guide
Other Quizlet sets
MY UNIT 7
Reporting Speech Rules past tense
Economics - Final Exam
Exam #3: Hepatobiliary