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Microbio: Intro lecture
Terms in this set (12)
1)Are microbes visible to the naked eye?
2)They exist as single or multiple cells?
3)Do they have DNA or RNA as genome? Can they replicate this genome?
1)No (sort of)
3)DNA and can replicate this genome
1)Most Bacteria are single or multiple cells?
2)Bacteria are asexual--T or F?
3)Bacteria are _______ in morphology but complex in ________
in morphology but complex in
Microbes but not microorganisms
Why study microbes?
2)Basic research (microbes are easy to study-model organisms)
3)Medical importance (cause many diseases, but also beneficial for human health)
5)Applications--food (making beer, cheese, yogurt) & biotechnology (ie: clean up of contaminated sites)
Who was Tonis Philipszoon or also known as Antony van Leeuwenhoek?
-first to observe mircoorganisms with
Walter Hesse and Angelina Hesse were first using what?
Gelatin, but would melt in hot summer and many microbes would dissolve gelatin so switch to Agar
Who investigated wine souring in France? What did he show? What theory did this lead to?
Louis Pasteur, he showed it was infection with lactic acid bacteria--lead to
What was when Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch and others, demonstrated that specific microbes cause specific diseases?
The Germ Theory of Disease
What is Variolation? What was a side effect?
Liquid form of smallpox injection into another child=life long resistance?
Side effect: serious skin lesion at site of inoculation
What did Edward Jenner contribute to medicine?
What was his experiment?
Found a better way for vaccines, observed his milkmaids rarely contracted smallpox
Experiment: infect maid's son with cowpox and see if resistant to smallpox
What did Tom Brock at Yellowstone find & what did it contribute to science?
found thermophiles: Themus aquaticus
How large are bacteria?
Sets found in the same folder
Microbio303: Unhealthy Microbial Interactions (pt.…
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