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AP Art History Vocabulary Sept 19
Terms in this set (47)
A Greek temple complex built on a hill over a city
A public Plaza in a Greek city where commercial, religious, and societal activities are conducted
Having four columns in the front and rear of the temple
a two-handled ancient Greeks storage jar
a main beam resting across the tops of columns, specifically the lower third entablature.
A building column that is shaped like a female figure
The main room of the temple where the god is housed
The projecting ledge over a wall
the simplest of the classical Greek architectural styles, featuring unadorned columns with no base
The upper story of a Greek temple
The mythical ancient Greek war between the Giants and the Olympian gods
The tradition of depicting heads of figures on the same level
An archaic Greek sculpture of a standing youth
Kouros (F: kore)
A large ancient Greek bowl used for mixing water and wine
a square space between triglyphs in a Doric frieze.
A decoration using pieces of stone, marble, or colored glass, called tesserae, that are cemented to a wall or floor
The model of the grieving mother; punished by the gods for boasting and her 12 children were killed in Greek mythology, the daughter of Tantalus (king of Sipylus in Lydia) and the wife of King Amphion of Thebes. She was the prototype of the bereaved mother, weeping for the loss of her children.
A ceremonial road for a procession built to honor Athena during the festival
The triangular top of the temple that contains sculpture
A garment worn by women in ancient Greece usually full length and tied at the waist
A colonnade surrounding the building or enclosing a courtyard
The gateway leading to a Greek temple
The body of a column
An ancient Greek covered walkway having columns on one side and a wall on the other
A projecting grooved element alternating with a metope on a Greek temple
The smile that appears on all Archaic Greek statues from about 570 to 480 BCE. The smile is the Archaic sculptor's way of indicating that the person portrayed is alive.
the virgin deity of the ancient Greeks worshiped as the goddess of wisdom, fertility, the useful arts, and prudent warfare. At her birth she sprang forth fully armed from the head of her father, Zeus.
in Greek pottery, the silhouetting of black figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes (ex: Corthinthian black-figure amphora with animal friezes)
Black figure vase painting
The renowned Greek sculptor Polykleitos designed a sculptural work as a demonstration of his written treatise, translated as "measure" or "rule", exemplifying what he considered to be the perfectly harmonious and balanced proportions of the human body in the sculpted form.
a work of art that contains several scenes of the same story painted or sculpted in a single frame
A style of Greek sculpture where people are depicted standing and leaning so that the person's weight is being put on one side. People are depicted with their bodies curved like an "S"
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel or straight lines
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
Of or influenced by the Greek Empire. A type of culture typically referred to after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
Architects of the Parthenon
Iktinos and Kallikrates
classical Greek architectural style that features a fluted column shaft, capitals with volutes (spiral scroll-like ornaments) and a large base
an oven used for making pottery
A bronze-casting method in which a figure is modeled in wax and covered with clay; the whole is fired, melting away the wax (French, cire perdue) and hardening the clay, which then becomes a mold for molten metal.
literally, a "city of the dead," a large burial area
Necropolis (plural: necropoli)
Goddess of victory
having a single row of pillars on all sides in the style of the temples of ancient Greece.
Athenian sculptor who supervise the building of the Parthenon. built a statue of zeus at olympia was one of the seven wonders of the world
High Classical Sculptor; devised mathematical formula for representing the perfect male body; famous work=Doryphoros (bronze statue of young man holding spear)
in Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background with painted linear details. firgures are red background darker. allows more detial and to play with colors. (ex: Herakles wrestling Antaios)
Red figure vase painting
baked earth; hard, brownish-red pottery
King of the gods
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