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Sociology midterm study guide
Terms in this set (14)
Define and give an example of the sociological imagination in action using the example of unemployment, divorce, and/or substance abuse.
trade wars causing the bankruptcy or a major corp --> creates job loss --> which causes tensions in relationships leading to an increase in the divorce rate --> which leads to substance abuse. S.I. is the ability to connect micro level events to macro level causes.
Why is sociology more than just common sense, "what everyone knows"?
The difference between sociology and common sense is that sociologists test their beliefs rigorously and scientifically, while common sense beliefs are not.
What is a research question? How is it different from a hypothesis?
A research question asks a general question to obtain unbiased information.
A Hypothesis is an assumption.
Distinguish between scientific (quantitative) and humanistic (qualitative) sociology.
Scientific (quantitative) sociology is the gathering of data and numbers, things you can measure, like an ACE score.
Humanistic (qualitative) sociology researches thing that you can't necessarily get hard data on. Like, how does a hug improve someones day.
Using the example of voting behavior, state a testable hypothesis with at least two variables.
hypothesis: within the demographic of people on SNAP benefits the voting habits a majority democrat.
What are the elements of a social science experiment? Why are experiments so powerful?
You can narrow down one observation to one cause, instead of just observing a phenomenon and not knowing what caused it.
What are the goals of sample selection in social science research.
To be representative of the population you are studying and to be random.
What are some of the big issues the early sociologists were concerned with? Why did sociology emerge in the late 1800s and grow in the US after 1900?
Urbanization, industrial revolution, expanding rights and the French revolution.
Describe some aspects of feminist theory
Critiques hierarchical that is unfair to women and minorities.
What does your textbook mean by comparing society to computer hardware and society to computer software?
Computer hardware = society
software = culture
What beliefs, norms and values are in conflict in the NFL kneeling controversy?
Beliefs: people should respect VS people should have free speech
Value: standing for the flag is respectful of the American idea VS Free speech in the form of protesting is more important than respecting the flag.
Give examples of: norms, folkway, more, taboo, and law.
folkway = girls have long hair
More = desert for dinner
taboo = cannibalism
law = murder
How is ethnocentrism a positive for society? How can it be a problem? Is cultural relativism the solution? Why or why not?
Positive = loyalty, value, meaning
Negative = it can enforce racial tensions
the solution? Yes, because it invokes empathy and understanding.
Are subcultures functional for society? Why or why not? What about countercultures?
Subcultures = Yes, meaning, purpose, connection.
countercultures = NO, goes against societal norms, breeds violence and doesn't function with in.
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