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The official body designated to choose the President under teh new Constitution, which in 1789 unanimously elected George washington
secretary of the treasury
The cabinet office in Washington's administration headed by a brilliant young West Indian immigrant who distrusted the people
funding at par
Alexander Hamilton's policy of paying off all federal bonds at face value in order to strengthen the national credit
Hamilton's policy of having the federal government pay the financial obligations of the states
Political organizations not envisioned in the Constitution and considered dangerous to national unity by most of the Founding Fathers
Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate beginnings in 1789, but the cause of bitter divisions after it took a radical turn in 1792
Agreement signed between two anti-British countries in 1778 that increasingly plagued American foreign policy in the 1790s
Alliance of eight Indian nations led by Little Turtle that inflicted major defeats on American forces in the early 1790s.
The political theory on which Jefferson and Madison based their antifederalist resolutions declaring that the thirteen sovereign states had created the Constitution
The doctrine, proclaimed in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, that a state can block a federal law it considers unconstitutional
The nation to which most Hamiltonian Federalists were sentimentally attached and which they favored in foreign policy
Derogatory Republican term for Federalist judges appointed at the last minute by President Adams
Marbury v. Madison
Precedent-setting Supreme Court case in which Marshal declared part of the Judicary Act of 1789 unconstitional
The principle, established by Chief Justice Marshall in a famous case, that the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional
Branch of military service that Jefferson considered least threatening to liberty and most necessary to supressing the Barberry states
Santo Domingo (Haiti)
Sugar-rich island where Toussaint L' Ouverture's slave rebellion disrupted Napoleon's dreams of a vast New Worl empire
American ship fired on by the British in 1807, nearly leading to war between the two countries
Militantly nationalistic western congressmen eager for hostilities with the Indians, Canadians, and British
Battle in 1811 where General Harrison defeated the Indian forces under tecumseh nd Tenskwatawa (the Prophet)
Mr. Madison's War
Derisive Federalist name for the War of 1812 that blamed it on the Republican president
The North American Review
Intellectual magazine that reflected the post-1815 spirit of American nationalism
Henry Clay's ambitious nationalistic proposal for tariffs, internal improvements, and expanded manufacturing
Era of Good Feelings
Somewhat inappropriate term applied to the Monroe administrations, suggesting that htis period lacked major conflicts
Major water transportation route financed and builty by New York State after President Madison vetoed federal funding
north 36 degrees and 30 inches
Line designated as the future boundary between free and slave territories under the Missouri Compromise
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court ruling that defended federal power by denying a state the right to tax a federal bank
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Supremem corut case in which Daniel Webster successfully argued that a state could not change a legal charter once granted
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