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45 terms

APUSH CH. 10-12

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Electoral College
The official body designated to choose the President under teh new Constitution, which in 1789 unanimously elected George washington
vice president
The constitutional office into which John Adams was sworn on April 30, 1789
secretary of the treasury
The cabinet office in Washington's administration headed by a brilliant young West Indian immigrant who distrusted the people
funding at par
Alexander Hamilton's policy of paying off all federal bonds at face value in order to strengthen the national credit
assumption
Hamilton's policy of having the federal government pay the financial obligations of the states
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
political parties
Political organizations not envisioned in the Constitution and considered dangerous to national unity by most of the Founding Fathers
French Revolution
Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate beginnings in 1789, but the cause of bitter divisions after it took a radical turn in 1792
French-American Alliance
Agreement signed between two anti-British countries in 1778 that increasingly plagued American foreign policy in the 1790s
Miami Confederacy
Alliance of eight Indian nations led by Little Turtle that inflicted major defeats on American forces in the early 1790s.
Jay's Treaty
Document signed in 1794 whose terms favoring Britain outraged Jeffersonian Republicans
France
The nation with which the United States fought an undeclared war from 1798 to 1800
compact theory
The political theory on which Jefferson and Madison based their antifederalist resolutions declaring that the thirteen sovereign states had created the Constitution
nullification
The doctrine, proclaimed in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, that a state can block a federal law it considers unconstitutional
Great Britain
The nation to which most Hamiltonian Federalists were sentimentally attached and which they favored in foreign policy
excise taxes
What was the Hamiltonian economic measure repealed by Jefferson and Gallatin?
pardon
Action Jefferson took toward Republican "martyrs"
midnight judges
Derogatory Republican term for Federalist judges appointed at the last minute by President Adams
Marbury v. Madison
Precedent-setting Supreme Court case in which Marshal declared part of the Judicary Act of 1789 unconstitional
judicial review
The principle, established by Chief Justice Marshall in a famous case, that the Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional
impeachment
Action voted by the House of Representatives against Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase
navy
Branch of military service that Jefferson considered least threatening to liberty and most necessary to supressing the Barberry states
Santo Domingo (Haiti)
Sugar-rich island where Toussaint L' Ouverture's slave rebellion disrupted Napoleon's dreams of a vast New Worl empire
Oregon
Territory beyond Louisiana, along the Columbia River, explored by Lewis and Clark
$15 million
Price paid by the United States for the Louisiana Purchase
Chesapeake
American ship fired on by the British in 1807, nearly leading to war between the two countries
embargo
Jefforson's policy of forbidding the shipment of any goods in or out of the United States
war hawks
Militantly nationalistic western congressmen eager for hostilities with the Indians, Canadians, and British
Tippecanoe
Battle in 1811 where General Harrison defeated the Indian forces under tecumseh nd Tenskwatawa (the Prophet)
Mr. Madison's War
Derisive Federalist name for the War of 1812 that blamed it on the Republican president
Lake Erie
One of the Great Lakes where Oliver H. Perry captured a large British fleet
The Star Spangled Banner
Stirring patriotic song written by Francis Scott Key
The Constitution
Famous American frigate that was larger and heavier than most British ships
Hartford Convention
Gathering of prominent New England Federalists who considered secession
White House and Capitol
Two prominent Washington buildings burned by the British in 1814
The North American Review
Intellectual magazine that reflected the post-1815 spirit of American nationalism
American Plan
Henry Clay's ambitious nationalistic proposal for tariffs, internal improvements, and expanded manufacturing
Era of Good Feelings
Somewhat inappropriate term applied to the Monroe administrations, suggesting that htis period lacked major conflicts
Federalists
Once-prominent political party that effectively died by 1820
Erie Canal
Major water transportation route financed and builty by New York State after President Madison vetoed federal funding
north 36 degrees and 30 inches
Line designated as the future boundary between free and slave territories under the Missouri Compromise
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court ruling that defended federal power by denying a state the right to tax a federal bank
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Supremem corut case in which Daniel Webster successfully argued that a state could not change a legal charter once granted
Oregon
Territory occupied jointly by Britain and the United States under the Treaty of 1818
Monroe Doctrine
A presidential foreign-policy proclamation that might well have been caled the "Adams Doctrine" or the "Self-Defense Doctrine."