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Catholic essentials chapter 1
Terms in this set (67)
the apostle Thomas
the first person recorder in Gospels to recognize Jesus as God with the words "My lord and my God
Thomas was reminded that Jesus was a human being with real flesh and blood
by putting his hand into the wounded side of the risen Christ and his fingers into nail holes in his hands
the belief in the incarnation
that God assumed human nature, is a distinctive sign of Christian faith
human beings are created with a
desire or longing for God that can't be satisfied until we come to know, praise, and love him. God has a similar desire to draw each person to himself
Jesus has blessed our search for him and offered us many ways to know him. These ways are revealed
in the church
wrote about man's search for God and said that "our heart is restless until it rests in God" That means that people can see a lot of things and search God, after they found God, they can get the real peace in their heart
-there is one God
-God is creator, not created--God is the beginning and the end of all things
-God is almighty--he can do everything
-God is Trinitarian--one God in three Divine Persons: father, Son and holy Spirit
-God is good--if this wasn't so, people would not spend time trying to find out more about God's identify. God loves us as a father loves his children. His love is stronger than a mother's love for her child
the belief in no God
the belief in many Gods
the belief that God and nature are the same
the belief in one God
Judaism, Christianity and Islam
St. Thomas Aquinas
one of the most important theologians(study of God) in church history, named nine attributes of God
attributes of God
God is eternal, unique, infinite and omnipotent, omnipresent, contains all things, immutable, pure spirit, alive, holy
God is eternal
he has no beginning and no end. God always was, is and will be.
God is unique
God is the fullness of being and perfections. God is one of a kind.
God is infinite and omnipotent
there are no limits to God. Omnipotence denotes that God has supreme power and authority over all of creation. There is the only attribute mentioned in the creeds. Nothing is impossible for God.
God is omnipresent
God is everywhere and see everything. He has no limitations in time or space. You can never be away from God.
God contains all things
all of creations is under God's care and jurisdiction
God is immutable
God does not evolve and change.
God is pure spirit
God is not a material creation. God's image can't be made. God is a pure spirit who can't be divided into parts. God is simple but complex.
God is alive
God lives and acts in the lives of people. Most concretely, he came to the world in the incarnate form of Jesus Christ.
God is holy
God is pure goodness; he is pure love.
God is Mystery(not attributes)
-God's power is loving. God knows what we need since a loving Father provides for his children.
-God still remains a mystery because we may not fully understand why there is evil, suffering, and death, but Almighty God is able to conquer these through the Paschal Mystery of his Son, Jesus Christ
God the creator
-God created from nothing
-God creates what he wants
-everything God made is good
-God is greater than his works of creation
-God supports his creation through his providence.
St. John tell us the mystery of incarnation by "And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us, and we saw his glory"
Belief in the true Incarnation, that God assumed human nature, is the distinctive element of Christianity.
God gradually revealed to early Christians
there is one God who acts in three persons--father, son, holy spirit
The Trinitarian nature of God was revealed at Jesus' baptism by John in the River Gordon
After Jesus was baptized, The holy spirit was visible as a dove. And the word of father form Heaven said the man is his son.
why God has freely and fully revealed himself to us
in order to beyond what we can know about God through our own experience
God offered his______ or knowledge of himself in stages
revelation of God
God has freely and fully revealed himself to us in order to draw us nearer to him and to make us more like him.
God's Revelation culminates in the person and the mission of Jesus Christ.
God offered his Revelation to human beings in stages.
the first gospel or Protoevangelium
is the announcement that God will send a Messiah and Redeemer, who is a descendent of Eve
God reveals himself through Covenants
With Noah - after the flood.
With Abraham - Our Father in Faith.
With Moses - The Ten Commandments.
(show little and little by redemption)
The Prophets preached about a new and everlasting covenant that would supersede all other covenants.
Jesus is God's final Revelation. He is the fulfillment of all covenants.
In Jesus, God has revealed everything the world needs to know to
be made holy and to be saved
our mission as individuals
united with the church must continue to search out and understand the full meaning of God's full revelation in Christ as it applies to our own lives and times
God's Revelation is Communicated to All
God wants everyone to be saved. Jesus entrusted the good news of the Gospel to his Apostles.
The Gospel was to be the source of all saving truth and moral discipline.
two ways to share with human:(1)The Apostles transmitted the Gospel orally from what they heard and witnessed directly from Jesus.(2)The Gospels were written down by Apostles or men associated with them through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit
the Bible, the Sacred Scripture
the Gospel, God and Jesus have been presented in here
The Holy Spirit inspired the human authors of the sacred books.
the canon of scripture
the complete list of the books of the Old and the New Testaments that the Church accepts as inspired books.
the church's tradition
the on-going teaching of the church, the pope and bishops united by God.
Jesus makes himself present to us in here in the forms of bread and wine. He also presents in Sacred Scripture.
!God is the author because he is one of Revelation and he can inspire human use different ways to communicate with others.
the wisdom of God revealed to us in words and language we can understand
The Bible is the "book of the Church."
The words of Scripture must be incarnate and living - not locked into the century in which they were written.
We must understand what the human authors were attempting to say and what God wanted to reveal by their words. They wrote of their own time and place
The reader must take into account the historical and cultural context of the writing.
The detailed study or explanation of a biblical book or passage is known as exegesis from the Greek word meaning "to lead."
three modes of Bible study include
1. Pay attention to the Bible as a whole - See the unity of God's plan with Christ at the center.
2. Read the Bible in the light of the living Tradition of the Church - from the perspective of the Church rather than individualistically.
3. Be attentive to the analogy of faith - Scripture understood within the entire plan of God's Revelation.
truth in the Bible
Relational truth - you know it is true from your experience and from the testimony of others.
Symbolic truth - parable - story that uses easily understood symbols and ends with a surprising moral lesson.
Moral truth - laws and standards for living.
Religious truth - describes God's relationship with humankind.
scene of Scripture
Literal sense - what the written words mean as they are written.
Spiritual sense - looks at what the words signify:
recognizing the significance of Christ in scriptural events
teaching us how to live and act
looking toward eternal life
Composed of 73 books - 46 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books.
canon of old testament
The Pentateuch - The first five books of the Bible also called the Torah or Law books.
The Prophets - e.g. Isaiah, Jeremiah
Writings - all other books not included in the first two categories.
The translation of Scripture from Hebrew into Greek.
Catholic Bibles include the 7 extra books from the Septuagint
called deuterocanonical or "second canon."
the "second canon" books are usually printed in a separate section
fixed the canon of the New Testament at 27 books.
The Council of Trent in the 16th Century confirmed the canon of the N.T. using the following criteria:
1) originated with the Apostles.
2) widely circulated and accepted by more than one local Christian community.
3) doctrine taught was essential to the Christian faith.
1. Gospel--the principal source of the life and teaching of Jesus Christ
2. the letters intended for specific communities or individuals.
3.letters intended for the entire Church
the three stages of Gospel forming
1. the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
2.followers spread the God news in the oral tradition of their ancestor.
3. the Gospels were written, beginning with the writing of Gospel of John
why write down the Gospels
the Apostles is dying. There were weakness in the oral tradition. So a catechetical manual and worship aid was needed.
Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are similar.
synoptic means one-eye
Gospel of John
reflects a fuller understanding of the divinity of Christ.
the book of revelation is written in a style of writing
Second Vatican Council
renewed interest in Scripture.
readings are proclaimed in the vernacular
the church has 3-year cycle of Sunday reading and 2-year cycle of weekday readings
Catholics' greatest exposure to the Scripture
contains Scripture readings for Mass
Catholics are encouraged to study Scripture under the direction of the teaching office of the Church
one common form of Scriptural prayer, means divine reading
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