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Terms in this set (70)
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of phrases
a brief story told to entertain or to make a point
when two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence for a contrasting effect
ex: "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
ex: actions speaks louder than words
address to an absent or imaginary person
a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
ex: never let a fool kiss you or let a kiss fool you.
a word or phrase that is not formal or literary, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation.
ex: i wasn't born yesterday
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
ex: my heart must be a free game, people seem to love playing it.
the associated meaning of a word
ex: there's no place like home. (home can refer to family, comfort, and security.)
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
intended to teach
the omission of words
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
a major category or type of literature
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
a positive statement expressed by negating its opposite expressions
ex: im not as young as i used to be--> im old
A comparison without using like or as
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
ex: the pen is mightier than the sword. (pen = the written word)
A recurring theme, subject or idea
something that does not logically follow
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
ex: jumbo shrimp
a statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
ex: you can save money by spending it
a quality that evokes pity or sadness
tending to show off one's learning
the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity, usually in the context of politics
the way a work of art is written
use of a word with two others, with each of which it is understood differently
ex: i caught a train and a bad cold.
a three-part argument
something that stands for something else
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.
a release of emotional tension
A person in a story
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
a very typical example of a certain person or thing
ex: the hero, the bully, the damsel in distress
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
Central idea of a work of literature
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
Literature that passes by word of mouth from one generation to the next.
A struggle between opposing forces
in media res
a piece of writing that begins in the middle of the action
old language used in a place of a name or noun
ex: storm of swords=battle
a comic dramatic work using buffoonery and horseplay
A protagonist (main character) who is markedly unheroic: morally weak, cowardly, dishonest, or any number of other unsavory qualities.
long narrative poem
the attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object.
a sad or mournful poem
something out of place in time
ex:a pharaoh using an iphone
the repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences
ex: hear no evil, see no evil, speak no evil
Conversation between characters
The time and place of a story
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
ex: i rode a horse in red pants
Legend vs. Myth
-any invented story, idea, context, or imaginary person/thing
-a collection of stories about a person based in history, but isn't real
ex: robin hood
the act of creating and developing a character
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