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Industrial Age study guide
Terms in this set (61)
In the ____________ system the workers could aspire to become employers.
In the factory system the workers no longer a owned the means of ___________(machinery).
List 4 major problems with the factory system
-factories were crowded, dark, and dirty
-workers toiled from dawn to dusk
-young children worked w/ machinery
-employment of women/children put men out of work
This happens when workers lose their jobs as their labor is replaced by machines.
Company of mill towns were built by employers around the factories for what main reason?
This was created because workers in mill towns had to stay on at thier jobs to pay their debts
The factory towns were not a strange concept because migrants lived where before factories were established
Who built the factory towns?
The factories built these buildings that had multiple rental dwellings.
Name two things that were true of tenement dwellings
Before ___________, a worker could bargain for better wages and working conditions
In factories work was _____ and one worker could replace another
_____was within the labor union, workers bargained together as a group
Inside these "collective bargaining"
Groups workers ______ to bargain on thier behalf
What as the best "tool" for the labor unions to use to gain rights for workers ?
Name 5 legal protections for workers during this time in Europe
-limited hours for women
-eventually end of child labor
-health and safety codes
-legalization of unions
Schools and requirements for school attendance _________ as children we're reminded from the workforce.
Who became resentful of female and child
Workers during the industrial revolution in Europe?
England had a history of training pauper children to work dating back to what century ?
The first known cooperative opened in rochdale, England in what century?
Members of the early cooperatives bought goods at_______, while non- members paid retail
By 1857 the cooperative in Rochdale, England had about how many members?
Cooperative spread to other industries in Europe, name 4 of them.
By 1900 what percentage of great Britain's population had joined a operative?
Socialist believe that capitalisms end goal is earning maximum profits for ______.
The main idea behind socialism is that the government owns the _____.
Means of production
The factories and industries will function with the _______ interest in mind.
Socialism used this term as ideal place or state.
Name two things socialist believe we're needed to have a utopia
Rewards were equal
Robert Owens set up a model community or utopia where in India?
In Indianan Robert Owen wanted _____ working hours and improved working conditions
What French philosopher and socialism coined the term "feminism"
Charles Fourier considered ____ to be the main cause of society's problems.
____ was a word used by Charles Fourier where communities lived in large shared structures
Claude henri de saint-Simon was part of the ____ assistance effort during the American reveloution
Saint-Simon beloved that "greediness" and "eagerness to obtain wealth" were tendencies that would be eradicated through _____.
Saint- Simon wanted to end _____ which he believed would then become an instrument of the people.
Which socialist was known for the quote "from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs?"
Louis blanc came to political power during the ____
Revolution or 1848
List the 3 countries that Karl Marx lived and wrote in
Karl Marx wrote the ____ in 1848 along wit fried rich engels
What book by Marx is considered bible of socialism
Karl Marx believed that ____ was used to keep people Submissive to those in power
There were four facts about the first international
Party, list 2 of them
Founded by Marx in 1846
Broke apart in 1873
There were three facts about the second international party, list 2 of them.
Founded in 1889
Broke sport during ww1
Vladimir Lenin led this group who came to
Power following the overthrow of the tsar
These are considered ring wingers, they advocated reforms through voting
These are considered left wingers, they advocated socialist reforms through revolution
What country is considered the worlds first socialist/communist state?
What is the term for communist international
Communist international was disbanded during what war
Name the two ways communism was spread by Soviet Union and China during the Cold War
What is the term for communist information bureau
What did the Soviet Union do to spread communism during the Cold War
Syndicalism and anarchism enjoyed popularity during what 2 century's
19th & 20th
In syndicalism businesses and distribution of income was managed by______
List three factors about anarchist in the early 1900s
All gov. Is bad
Removal of all forms of gov.
Ideologies for post- gov. Organizations
What group was opposed to the atheist of socialism?
Pope_____ advocated catholic socilams in 1891 through his support of workers associations
Leo XIII (13th)
Pope___condoned catholic socialism while condemning communism
Pius CU (11th)
Pope pius CU beloved that workers should share what two things in industry
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