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Chapter 4 - Political Parties in Texas
POLS 207 Chapter 4
Terms in this set (40)
a group of people who share common goals and attempt to control government by winning elections
The statement of principles passed by a political party's convention
Alliances consisting of a variety of individuals and groups in support of a particular candidate for elected office
Characterizing a group or party built around a unifying set of issues
groups that center on a specific issue, not multiple issues, and do not run candidates for office
groups that feel that winning is everything, even at the cost of ideals
One or both major parties steal ideas from ideological parties to bring in supporters from various groups
Do ideological parties have a hard time in the U.S. and Texas? Why?
Yes, because Texas is very heterogenous and you can't expect to appeal to everyone with extreme views.
What is the most prominent current example of an ideological party?
The Libertarian party
What is a type of short-term element that voters can participate in?
formal party meetings to select leadership, delegates, and create a platform.
What is a type of long term element that voters can participate in?
Elected offices that allow them to contribute to the voting process
Do third parties have a good chance of getting on the ballot in Texas?
What is Texas is divided into, and what are those divisions divided into?
A political subdivision through which elections are carried out
When you vote at your party's primary election in your precinct, what can you participate in?
What positions are selected at a precinct convention?
A convention chair, secretary, and delegates are selected.
How is the number of delegates a precinct gets determined?
For every 25 votes from your precinct for your party's candidate for governor, a precinct gets 1 vote.
What are resolutions and when are they offered?
Statements that express the party's stance on an issue, and are a way for you to try to get the party to see things your way; they are offered at precinct conventions
How difficult is it to become a precinct convention delegate?
Often very easy because few people attend precinct conventions.
What do delegates do?
Delegates are selected at conventions and and go on the the next level of the convention process to represent their area.
Rural counties are more likely to hold which kind of conventions, while urban counties are more likely to hold which kind of conventions?
county conventions, state senatorial district conventions
After selecting the same positions that are selected at precinct conventions, what are selected at County/S.S. D. conventions? By what formula?
Delegates; For every 300 votes from your precinct for your party's candidate for governor, a precinct gets 1 delegate.
For the Democratic party, 1 delegate is assigned for every how many votes at the precinct level, and 1 delegate for every how many votes at the County/S.S.D. conventions?
Delegates selected in the county/district conventions must attend what?
The State Convention
When are state conventions held?
June during even-numbered years.
What is the most important thing that is done at state conventions?
Adopt a state party platform
What is a state party platform?
List of ideas and issues that the party deems important
What is a task that must be taken care of at state conventions during election years?
Electing delegates to the party's national nominating convention and selecting electors.
What three things do state convention delegates must select?
state chairman, vice chairman, state executive committee members (as well as other party officials)
Who is the basic point of contact between the party and the people who support it?
Who conducts the party primary in their precinct?
Who oversees the primary election in a county?
Who plays a much larger role in fund-raising than the precinct chair?
The County Chairman
Those who direct the campaigns of state or area office-seekers typically contact whom?
The County Chairman
What is the the county executive committee and what does it do?
An official body made up of all the party's precinct chairman in a county. They assist the county chairman and give advice.
Who makes up the state executive committee? Where are they selected?
Comprised of one man and one woman from from each of Texas's 31 senatorial districts; selected by district at the state convention.
What does the state executive committee do?
Assists and advises the state chairman
Where are the state chairman and vice chairman selected? Does gender matter?
Elected by the party's delegates at the state convention; If one is male, the other is female.
What do the state chairman and vice chairman do?
May serve as a liaison with the national party and its presidential campaign, and raise money for the party
the key to having a successful sample is to have a sample that
What are the barriers to third party success in the United States?
In states that have instituted same-day voter registration, the effect on voter turnout has been
What are the constitutional requirements to be president of the US?
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