Terms in this set (19)
Colonies exist only for their mother country. Policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported in order to gain wealth and power.
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
Virginia House of Burgesses
The first elected assembly in the New World, established in 1619
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Fundemental Orders of Connecticut
document was the 1st constitution in american colonies.
New England Town Meetings
Democratic style of government. Towns and cities grew around gathering places, and allowed mass participation in politics.
Maryland Toleration Act
Act that was passed in Maryland that guaranteed toleration to all Christians, but not to those who did not believe in the divinity of Jesus. Influenced the first amendment, granting religious freedom to all.
a newspaper publisher who established the basic idea of freedom of the press
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
an owner or owner-manage of land granted by the king used to refer to one of the lords propieter, who were granted carolina by king charles II
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Virginia Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness.
Salem Witch Trials
Several accusations of witchcraft led to sensational trials in Salem, Massachusetts at which Cotton Mather presided as the chief judge. 18 people were hanged as witches. Afterwards, most of the people involved admitted that the trials and executions had been a terrible mistake.
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
Geography of the colonies
Most settlements were near water- rivers, harbors or oceans. Cold weather, rocky soil led northern colonies to focus on fishing, trade and build towns. Warm, good growing season leads to plantations and cash crop farms in south.
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