Chapter 7 Vocab
Chapter 7 Vocab from the textbook: World Civilizations: The Global Experience, Fifth Edition by Peter N. Stearns
Terms in this set (35)
3rd Abbasid caliph. Failed to reconcile the moderates among the Shi'a opposition to Abbasid rule. Failed to solve problem of sucession. Allowed wives and concubines to get all in the mix. Famous for luxury.
Nomadic Turks from Asia who conquered Baghdad in 1055 and allowed the caliph to remain only as a religious leader. they governed strictly
Persian literary work written by the poet Firdawsi, Written by Firdawsi in the late 10th & early 11th centuries; relates history of Persia from creation to the Islamic conquests
(1058-1111) Most important of the early Sufis; argued human reason was too frail to understand the nature of Allah and hence could not explain the mysteries of the world.
Most powerful of the trading states on the north coast of Java; converted to Islam and served as point of dissemination to other ports
City, used for name of Ghaznavid empire centered in Afghanistan; people living in Ghazni raid northern India annually, become rich and Ghazni becomes major Muslim center
1206-11. he was part of the slave dynasty and was a slave of Muhammad of Ghur. He founded the independent Sultanate of Delhi. He died in a polo match in 1211. He built the Qutb mosque in Deli.
Trading empire based on the Malacca Strait; its Buddhist government resisted Muslim missionaries; when it fell, southeastern Asia was opened to Islam.
Triangle-shaped sails that made it possible for ships to sail against the wind
The region of present-day Israel; includes the city of Jerusalem, which is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.
Aryan leaders; a term for princes
Hindu custom that called for a wife to join her husband in death by throwing herself on his funeral pyre
He ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural and religious prosperity. Art and music also flourished significantly during his reign. He established the library Bayt al-Hikma ("House of Wisdom")
Armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim rule. The Crusades brought an end to Western Europe's centuries of intellectual and cultural isolation.
A mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life
Central Asian nomadic peoples; smashed Turko-Persian kingdoms; captured Baghdad in 1258 and killed last Abbasid caliph
Umayyad viceroy for eastern provinces; launched punitive campaign against king of Sind in India that resulted in first Islamic conquest in subcontinent.
Mahmud of Ghazni
Third ruler of Turkish slave dynasty in Afghanistan; led invasions of northern India; credited with sacking one of the wealthiest of Hindu temples in northern India; gave Muslims reputation for intolerance and aggression
Hindu groups dedicated to gods and goddesses; stressed the importance of strong emotional bonds between devotees and the god or goddess who was the object of their veneration; most widely worshipped gods were Vishnu and Shiva
A trade town
The Thousand and One Nights
A book that told of the luxurious lifestyle of Caliph Harun Al-Rashid
Ruler of Ilkhan Khanate; grandson of Chinggis Khan; responsible for capture and destruction of Baghdad
Sultans of Delhi
Title of the Islamic imperial houses of India, which literally means princes of the heartland.
Is believed by hindus to be the incarnation of both radha and krishna in one body and made the workship of krishna wildly popular throught india
Persian invaders of the 10th century; captured Baghdad and acted as sultans through Abbasid figureheads
(1137-1193) Powerful Muslim ruler during Third Crusade, defeated Christians at Hattin took Jerusalem
Muslim religious scholars. From the ninth century onward, the primary interpreters of Islamic law and the social core of Muslim urban societies
A mongol who united mongol and turkish tribes, began campaign west, using fear as a tactic
Muhammad ibn Kasim
Arab general; conquered Sind in India; declared the region and the Indus valley to be part of Umayyad Empire
Muhammad of Ghur
Military commander of persian extraction; began attempt to establish muslim control of india
One of the most remarkable mytics; Muslim weaver who played down the significance of religious differences and proclaimed that all could provide a path to spriritual fulfillment
A Hindu god who, in the trinity of gods, is the Preserver
Military and political leader with absolute authority over a Muslim country
Muslim slave warriors; established a dynasty in Egypt; defeated the Mongols at Ain Jalut in 1260 and halted Mongol advance
Was a Hindu saint and social reformer in eastern India. believed by followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism to be the full incarnation of Lord Krishna
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 10 Vocab
Chapter 9 Vocab
Chapter 8 Vocab
Chapter 6 Vocab
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