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Greek, "rule by four." A type of Roman government =established in late 3rd century to early
the Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. Those who suffered damnatio memoriae had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions
Latin senatus, "council of elders." The Senate was the main legislative body of Roman constitutional government
In Roman architecture, a pseudoperipteral temple has a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade
In Roman architecture, a public building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other
Greek, "double theater." A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together. The Roman amphitheater featured a continuous elliptical cavea around a central arena
Latin, "hollow place or cavity." The seating area in ancient Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters
semicylindrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space
the central reception room of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica
a small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel
Latin, "first citizen." The title Augustus and his successors as Roman emperor used to distinguish themselves from Hellenistic monarchs
Latin, "chief priest." The high priest of the Roman state religion, often the emperor himself
the depiction of the same figure more than once in the same space at different stages of a story
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road
the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting to their vertexes; also, the space enclosed by the curve of an arch and an enclosing right angle. The area between the arch proper and the framing columns and entablature
a more ornate form than doric or ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus/
Latin, "eye." The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral
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