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49 terms

Chapter 10: The Roman Empire

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Founding of Rome
753 BCE
tetrarchy
Greek, "rule by four." A type of Roman government =established in late 3rd century to early
damnation memoriae
the Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. Those who suffered damnatio memoriae had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions
tepidarium
the warm-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
caldarium
the hot bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
frigidarium
the cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
Romulus
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Remus
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consuls
In the Roman Republic, the two chief magistrates
senate
Latin senatus, "council of elders." The Senate was the main legislative body of Roman constitutional government
magistrate
an official that had political and military authority
patrician
A Roman freeborn landowner
plebian
The Roman social class that included small farmers, merchants, and freed slaves
pseudoperipteral
In Roman architecture, a pseudoperipteral temple has a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade
veristic
true to natural appearance; super-realistic
imagines
In ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors
Vesuvius
...
forum
The public square of an ancient Roman city
basilica
In Roman architecture, a public building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other
amphitheater
Greek, "double theater." A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together. The Roman amphitheater featured a continuous elliptical cavea around a central arena
cavea
Latin, "hollow place or cavity." The seating area in ancient Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters
barrel vault
semicylindrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space
groin vault
is formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles
domus
a Roman private house
atrium
the central reception room of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica
cubiculum
a small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel
triclinium
the dining room of a Roman house
Pax Romana
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princeps
Latin, "first citizen." The title Augustus and his successors as Roman emperor used to distinguish themselves from Hellenistic monarchs
pontifex maximus
Latin, "chief priest." The high priest of the Roman state religion, often the emperor himself
imperator
Lation, "commander in chief", from which the word emporor wisnsh
cuirass
a military leather breastplate
denarius
the standard Roman silver coin from which the word penny ultimately derives
continuous narrative
the depiction of the same figure more than once in the same space at different stages of a story
triumphal arch
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road
spandrels
the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting to their vertexes; also, the space enclosed by the curve of an arch and an enclosing right angle. The area between the arch proper and the framing columns and entablature
Corinthian column
a more ornate form than doric or ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus/
Dacians
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menorah
In antiquity, the Jewish sacred seven-branched candelabrum
coffer
a sunken panel, often ornamental, in a vault or a ceiling
oculus
Latin, "eye." The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral
equestrian
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Primaporta Augustus (copy of bronze original)
Roman
ca. 20 BCE
Colosseum
(Flavian Amphitheater, Rome, Italy)
70-80 CE
Column of Trajan
(from Forum of Trajan)
ca. 112 CE
Pantheon exterior
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 118-125 CE
Arch of Constantine
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 312-315 CE
Pantheon interior
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 118-125 CE
rusticated masonry
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