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SOC:1010 Exam 1 (Chapters 1-6)
Terms in this set (64)
C. Wright Mills defined as: "the vivid awareness of the relationship between personal experience and the wider society."
Used to alter people's perspectives.
Making the familiar strange.
Ex. Watching television; getting married
Making the familiar strange
An individualistic problem
Ex. Getting laid off
Making something bigger in society and not dismissing it as individual/not important by personal experience & larger forces of history. It effects society as a whole.
Ex. Unemployment issue
Complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. Basic needs must be met in order to survive.
Ex. Religion- create social solidarity and value consensus.
Individuals and groups within society have differing amounts of material and non-material resources and the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with less power.
Ex. Renter VS landlord- the renter never gains any value or profit from the transaction, so its unfair
Analyzes society by addressing the symbolic meaning on objects, events, and behaviors.
Ex. Hand shake- friendly greeting or cool farewell, whereas the symbolism in a handshake can vary.
Ex. Admitting women into the army.
Social Construction Theory
Created shared understandings without thinking we had created and continue to think it's normal--difficult to change.
Ex. Money is valuable
"If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences."
Skeptical interpretations of culture
Ex. Examining a piece of art and interpreting one's own meaning
Levels of analysis
M-A-C-R-O, MESO, Micro
An approach to the study of society that relies on scientific evidence (experiments and statistics) to reveal a true nature of how society operates.
Ex. Collecting data on suicide rates.
The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
Ex. A newspaper's function is to provide news.
Ex. Religious gatherings -- time and space for worship and communication between people and preacher
Unintended purpose of a social pattern
Ex. Swatting a fly with a newspaper
Ex. Religious -- celebrating Christmas when you're not religious, because Christmas is a latent function of Christian religion.
Can be systematically tested.
Ex. Do gun control laws reduce violent crimes?
Opinion, no data
Ex. Is that piece of art beautiful?
Question based on the morality of the person, questioning whether something is right or wrong.
Ex. Is it okay to smoke marijuana?
Questions of interpretation
Question left up to the individual to decide from personal experience or opinion.
Numerically captured data, percentages, or surveys.
Ex. Surveying the freshman class and recording who has and who hasn't smoked pot.
In depth interviews, more personal.
Ex. Interviewing a student on why and how often they smoke pot.
Analyzing Data and testing a theory.
Ex. Hypothesizing that law enforcement's response would be less vigorous in areas of the country that had a stronger history of racial response. After analyzing data and theories, they can test the theory.
Gathering data, looking for patterns, and developing a theory.
Ex. Analyzing empirical data to better understand how best to meet the needs of young people who are homeless.
Ethical issues in social research
Considering effects of lives being researched
1.Do no harm
Carefully examining information without completely rejecting the given idea.
Shared understandings that people use to coordinate their activities.
Terms which are clear to cultural norms, values, and practices to cultural outsiders alike.
Rely on this to interact.
Different in each culture.
Abstract cultural beliefs
Social expectations that guide behavior
Ex. Raising your hand to answer a question.
Values, beliefs, social norms are most important
Ex. Patriotism, because it is an emotional attachment to one's nation
Contracted physical environment
Process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as members of that society.
Ex. Beginning from when we are born, we internalize the norms of being our particular gender.
Initial process of learning the ways of a society/group that occurs in infancy/childhood and is transmitted through the primary groups to which we belong
Learning process that takes place each time we join a new secondary group.
characterized by intimate, enduring unspecialized relationships among small groups who spend a lot of time together
generally larger, more temporary, impersonal, more specialized, focusing on one/two primary goals
Ex. Sports team
Agents of socialization
families, school, peers, media
An institution in which one is totally immersed and that controls all the basics of day-to-day life
Process by which one's sense of social values, beliefs, and norms are reengineered, often deliberately, through an intense social process that may take place in a total institution
Ex. Boot Camp, Basic Training
Process based on the social construction of identity -- from a normal to discredited social status
Ex. Criminal -- always will be a bad person, never trust them
Having conflicting reactions, beliefs, or feelings towards one identity
Ex. Feeling guilty or fake when dressing like the upperclass when you are not.
The cultural practices, knowledge, and demeanors learned through exposure to role models in the family and other environments.
Ex. Style of speech one accustoms from being raised.
Icons of Femininity
Parents are against boys having the assets of femininity, such as having barbies and wearing dresses.
Parents want the boys to acquire domestic skills.
Recognizable social position that an individual occupies
Duties and behaviors expected of someone who holds a particular status
Ex. Role of authority (Father's standpoint)
Incompatibility among roles corresponding to a single status
Ex. Two homework assignments interfering with one another
Tension caused by competing demands from one or more roles pertaining to different statuses
Ex. Work and school
Status in which one enters VOLUNTARILY
Ex. Business owner, partner, student
Status in which one is INVOLUNTARILY enter/born into
Ex. Sex of self, eye color
Status within a set that stand out or overrides all others
Ex. Religion, Gender, Ethnicity
Set of relations held together by ties between individuals
Ex. Relationship will sister>friend>sister's friend>friend's friend
Connection between two people in a relationship that varies in strength from one relationship to the next
Ex. sister(strong), friend(strong), sister's friend(weak), friend's friend(weak)
Strength: better opportunities
Ex. when looking for a job, weak ties tend to give a greater chance of opportunity to find one
Gap between network clusters or even two individuals if those individuals have complementary resources
Recognized violation of social norms
knowing something is wrong, but will not get punished
Ex. farting, burping, picking nose
knowing something is wrong with the possibility of getting punished
Ex. violating laws
Before someone adopts a label, but breaks a social norm
Ex. Stealing a few times without getting caught, but not generally a thief
Labeled after breaking norms continuously, where they become the identity
Ex. Arrested - seen as theif
Subconsciously aware that what others label them and base one's self-identity from that and even act out on that label
Ex. Labeled thief->will steal
Focused only on that identity and can consume life
like a master status
Designed to show the ways in which society blamed victims of sexual assault and normalized male sexual violence.
It happens too often.
Sexual double standard
A code that permits greater sexual freedom for men than for women
Ex. Girls = sluts
Boys = studs
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Intro to Sociology, Chapter 2: Culture
Sociology Chapter 4. (Socialization)
Chapter 1 Sociology: Perspective, Theory…
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