ap gov chapter 3 vocab
this is from the quizlet live we did today, harbour said it will be helpful for the upcomng test
Terms in this set (25)
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same land and people. It is a system of shared power between units of government.
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the central government. Most national governments are these today.
The workings of the federal system - the entire set of interactions among national, state, and local governments, including regulations, transfer of funds, and the sharing of information.
The clause in article VI of the constitution that makes the constitution, national laws, and treaties higher than state laws as long as the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
the part of the US Constitution that grants reserved powers to the states
McCulloch v. Maryland
A 1819 Supreme Court decision that established the supremacy of the national government over state governments. The Court, led by chief justice John Marshall, held that Congress had certain implied powers in addition to the powers enumerated in the Constitution.
Powers of the federal government that are specifically addressed in the constitution.
Powers of the federal government that go beyond those listed in the Constitution, in accordance with the Elastic Clause
Authorizes Congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the enumerated powers.
Gibbons v. Ogden
An 1824 landmark case in which the Supreme Court interpreted the interstate commerce clause as encompassing virtually every form of commercial activity.
full faith and credit
A clause in Article IV of the constitution requiring each state to recognize the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of all other states.
A legal process whereby a state surrenders a person charged with a crime to the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
privileges and immunitites
The provision of the constitution according citizens of each state the same treatment as citizens of the states.
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
Transferring responsibility for policies from the federal government to state and local governments.
The pattern of spending, taxing, and providing grants in the federal system; it is the cornerstone of the national government's relations with state and local governments.
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or "categories," of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions.
Federal categorical grant given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications.
Federal categorical grants distributed according to a formula specified in legislation or in administrative regulations.
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs.
marble cake federalism
metaphor for cooperative federalism
layer cake federalism
metaphor for dual federalism
The federal government uses federal grant dollars in one program to influence state and local policy in another (example: highway funds and drinking age).
When a condition on one federal grant is extended to all activities supported by federal funds, regardless of their source (example: discrimination).
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