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chapter 6 crime investigation
Terms in this set (24)
two basic requirements for obtaining information are to ____.
listen and observe
which rule contains the name and location of people, organizations, and records that may assist in a criminal investigation?
sources of information file
oftentimes questioning of a suspect may occur spontaneously on the street and can be advantageous to officers, allowing them to pose questions right after the crime has occurred. What best describes this scenario?
the ultimate goal of interviewing and interrogating is to ______, to identify those responsible for a crime, and to eliminate the innocent from suspicion
determine the truth
an effective interviewer/interrogator relies on _____ to motivate people to talk
self control and patience
"when did you and your wife leave the restaurant?" is best classified as a(n)
why do investigators often use repetition when questioning an individual, asking the individual to retell his or her story several times?
a truthful story will contain the same facts but be phrased differently each time it is retold
establishing rapport is arguably the most critical factor in any interview. which definition best describes rapport?
an understanding between individuals created by genuine interest and concern
most people who are reluctant to be questioned or interviewed may respond more effectively to one of two approaches by the investigator. what are these two approaches?
logical and emotional
the _____ interview tries to get the interviewee to recall the scene mentally by using simple mnemonic techniques aimed at encouraging focused retrieval. this includes asking open-ended questions, allowing ample time for answers, avoiding interruptions, and encouraging the person to report all details
the courts ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that a suspect in custody must be given the Miranda warning prior to being interrogated to _____.
inform the suspect of certain rights
an officer questions a custodial suspect without giving the Miranda warning, obtains incriminating statements and then gives the warning. she then obtains a waiver from the individual and repeats the interrogation to obtain the same statement. this unconstitutional technique is best referred to as ____.
what course case created a public safety exception to the Miranda warning requirements?
New York vs. Quarles
nonverbal communication during interviews can be extremely important and should not be overlooked. research indicates that ____ of a message delivered is verbal and _____ is nonverbal
10 percent; 90 percent
who should be interviewed first after a crime has been committed?
the victim or complainant
as with interviews, interrogations can follow ____.
an emotional and logical approach
what is true about third-degree tactics?
third degree tactics can include physical force as well as mental or psychological abuse
what Internet-based information system will eventually link the more than 20,000 law enforcement agencies in the nation electronically and provide the ability to share incarceration and booking data?
Law enforcement National Data Exchange (N-DEx)
investigators must obtain ____ before questioning a juvenile, unless the situation warrants immediate questioning at the scene.
information obtained from interviews and interrogations should ____.
not be taken at face value
how should an investigator approach interviews with young people?
talk to them as you would an adult, and praise them when appropriate
information or data is ____.
what kind of interview test records several measurements on a visible graph?
The results of a polygraph test are ____.
inadmissible in court
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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