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190 terms

GRE 3

STUDY
PLAY
incipient
beginning; becoming apparent
harangue
a long, pompous speech; a public speech
inveigle
obtain by deception or flattery
penurious
penny-pinching, ungenerous
putrefy
rot, decay
prodigious
huge; extraordinary
quaff
drink deeply
quiescence
stillness, motionlessness
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honour
torpid
lethargic; sluggish
urbane
sophisticated; elegant
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
fortuitous
happening by accident or chance
impassive
revealing no emotion
inchoate
not fully formed
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
insipid
without taste or flavour; lacking in spirit
mendacious
untruthful
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt, scorn
pedantic
overly concerned with trivial details of learning
pine
yearn; lose vigour
profuse
extravagant; abundant
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling
rancorous
long bitter, resentful
repudiate
refuse to have anything to do with
rescind
invalidate, repeal, retract
solvent
able to meet financial obligations
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
contiguous
sharing a border
garrulous
pointlessly talkative
laconic
using few words; terse
mercurial
having rapid and unpredictable mood swings
neophyte
recent convert; beginner
phlegmatic
sluggish; calm, unemotional
probity
adherence to high principles, uprightness
sallow
(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking
sanctimonious
displaying ostentatious and hypocritical devoutness
sartorial
pertaining to tailors
scabbard
sheath for a sword
scad
a great quantity
scaffold
temporary platform for workers
scintilla
trace; minute amount
scion
descendant; detached plant shoot
score
mark with lines or notches
scotch
stamp out; thwart; hinder
scurvy
contemptible, despicable
amalgam
combination of different things
amulet
object worn and believed to protect against evil and bad luck
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory
animus
hostile feeling or intent
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (as at a sports match)
caucus
private meeting of a political party to select members or determine policy
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; broad
cavalcade
procession or riders or horse-drawn carriages
centurion
Roman army officer
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing
despoil
plunder; sack
diadem
crown
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal
didactic
intended to teach a moral lesson
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge); saying; maxim
diminution
lessening in size; shrinking
dint
means; effort
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyalty
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny
disconsolate
hopelessly sad at the loss of something
discursive
digressing; rambling; marked by analytical reasoning; relating to discourse
disgorge
surrender something stolen; eject; vomit
facile
easily accomplished; superficial, not deep
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissention
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work
fallow
plowed but not sowed; uncultivated; not in use
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly
febrile
feverish
fecund
fertile; fruitful
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, etc.)
labile
likely to change; unstable
lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
lackadaisical
lacking purpose or effort; halfhearted; lazy; languid
laity
laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
languor
lack of physical or spiritual energy; lassitude; depression
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
lateral
of or coming from the side
lank
long and thin
leaven
cause to rise or grow lighter; enliven
legato
(of music) played smoothly
lexicographer
compiler of a dictionary
lien
legal claim or right on a property
odoriferous
giving off an odor
oligarchy
government by the privileged few
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous like an opal
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting
ordination
ceremony confirming a priest
outstrip
outrun; surpass; outdo
overture
first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement)
overweening
arrogant; presumptuous
overwrought
nervous or agitated; extremely excited; hysterical
propinquity
nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship
proscenium
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
prosody
art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse
protean
able to take on many forms; versatile
proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
protuberance
protrusion; swelling; bulge
provender
dry food for livestock; fodder
psychosomatic
of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
punctilious
minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form
purchase
secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such
purveyor
furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer
recreant
a disloyal and cowardly person
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive of an odor
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child
remunerative
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid
repartee
quick clever reply
repast
meal; feast; banquet
repine
fret; complain; be annoyed
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
needle
goad; prod; tease
susurrate
issue soft noises
cairn
a heap of stones set up as a landmark, monument, tombstone, etc.
velour
a velvetlike fabric of rayon, wool, or any of several other natural or synthetic fibers, used for outerwear and upholstery
pogrom
an organized massacre, especially of Jews
gulag
the system of forced-labor camps in the Soviet Union; any prison or detention camp, esp. for political prisoners
supervene
to ensue; to take place or occur as something additional or extraneous
superannuate
set aside for retirement; become old, out of date, or retired
draftsman
a person who draws sketches, plans, or designs; an artist exceptionally skilled in drawing
mere
an expanse of standing water
whelm
to turn (as a dish or vessel) upside down usually to cover something : cover or engulf completely with usually disastrous effect
idiolect
the language or speech pattern of one individual at a particular period of life
fledge
to rear until ready for flight or independent activity
keystone
something on which associated things depend for support
insuperable
incapable of being surmounted, overcome, passed over, or solved
agog
eager and excited
cask
a container made and shaped like a barrel, esp. one larger and stronger, for holding liquids
caliper
thickness or depth; instrument for measuring thickness, usually with legs
cadge
beg; get by begging
luculent
clear; easily understood; lucid
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
lurid
aving bright glaring colours or combinations of colour; glaringly vivid or sensational; shocking; gruesome
jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance
illuminati
persons who are or who claim to be unusually enlightened
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
incogitant
thoughtless; inconsiderate
indemnify
promise to compensate someone for any harm she may suffer
inestimable
too great or precious to be estimated
involute
complex; intricate; curled or curved inward or spirally
hallmark
any mark or special indication of genuineness, good quality, or purity
toadstool
a poisonous mushroom, as distinguished from an edible one
hamstring
to make ineffective or powerless; cripple
hermetic
tightly closed so that air cannot escape or enter; completely airtight
hie
to hasten; speed; go in haste
hoi polloi
the common people; the masses; the rabble
honorarium
a payment in recognition of acts or professional services for which custom or propriety forbids a price to be set
barrister
lawyer who has the right to speak and argue as an advocate in higher lawcourts
bellwether
a person or thing that shows the existence or direction of a trend; index
bilge
an enclosed area at the bottom of a vessel where seepage collects; foolish talk or worthless ideas
blazon
to publish widely; proclaim
bonhomie
good-natured easy friendliness
bookish
fond of reading; studious
bravura
marked by an ostentatious display of skill
breezeway
a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings (as a house and garage) or halves of a building
bruit
to noise abroad; report
bumptious
presumptuously, obtusely, and often noisily self-assertive; obtrusive
byline
a line at the beginning of a news story, magazine article, or book giving the writer's name
arabesque
a complex, ornate design; (adj:) whimsical
armory
a place where arms and military equipment are stored
arrant
downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious
athwart
across; in opposition
augur
to divine or predict, as from omens; prognosticate; to serve as an omen; foreshadow
augury
an omen, token, or indication
autocracy
government in which one person possesses unlimited power
avulse
to separate, cut, or tear off