11 terms

World History Origins of Democracy Greek/Romans 600 BC - 600 AD

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Terms in this set (...)

Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
representative democracy (Republican)
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
Aristocracy
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
citizen
A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
Republic
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Solon
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Cleisthenes
(500BC) Established the world's first democracy in Athens "father of democracy"-all citizens had the right to participate in assembly
philosopher
a person who searches for wisdom or enlightenment
Plato
(430-347 BCE) Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was his theory of Forms, in which there was another world of perfection.
Socrates
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. Sentenced to death for corrupting youths way of thinking