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13 terms

Nervous system diseases

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Paraplegia
paralysis of lower half of body
Glioma
brain tumor caused by neuroglial cells
aphasia
inability to speak
hydrocephalus
increased amounts of cerebrospinal fluid in ventricles of brain "water on the brain"
cerebral palsy
impairment of involuntary movement from CNS damage; group of disorders involving movement, learning, seeing, hearing...
neuritis
inflammation of the nerves
Parkinson's disease
disorder of the brain that reduces muscle control; causes trembling and shaking
quadraplegia
paralysis of all four limbs
alzheimer's disease
lesions developing in the brain that cause dementia; no known cause
huntington's disease
enlargement of ventricles; inherited degenerative disorder due to dominant gene
epilepsy
short circuit of the brain; causes repeated seizures
multiple sclerosis
deterioration of myelin; CNS disorder
stroke
also called cerebrovascular accident