chapter 4 Ancient India
Terms in this set (28)
Hindu belief in nonviolence and reverence for all life
a fortress in a city
a social class of people
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
a strong wind that blows across east Asia at certain times of the year
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires
the rebirth of the soul in the body of another living being
a large landmass that juts out from a continent
India's mountains and surrounding water influenced its development?
by limiting contact between the subcontinent and the world.
Archaeologists know that Mohenjo-Daro was carefully planned because
streets separated regular blocks of homes and buildings.
One way in which Hinduism differs from the other major religions is
it has no single founder.
When the Aryan and Indian cultures blended, what religion resulted?
According to the Hindu belief of reincarnation, what will happen to faithful followers of Hinduism?
will be born into a higher position.
Buddha taught that the cure for human suffering was to
give up selfish desires.
Like the Egyptian pharaohs, the Indian emperor Chandragupta believed in
the absolute power of the ruler.
Why is Asoka considered one of India's greatest leaders?
He was a kind ruler who thought of his people as his children
Because of its geography, India was
limited in contact with the rest of the world.
Monsoons are important to India because they carry
rains that enable farmers to grow crops.
What are two important rivers that start in the Himalaya Mountains?
the Indus and the Ganges
One important result of the Aryan invasion of India was
the introduction of a strict case system.
When the Aryan cultures mixed with the culture of the people what religion was formed?
One of the ideas in the Upanishads is
One important achievements of the Maurya Empire in India was?
order and peace within the empire.
The Maurya ruler Asoka thought of his people as his
After Asoka's death, the Maurya Empire
How do you think the mountains and waters of India influenced the development of its civilization?
The mountains were very helpful to protecting India. The Himalayas were like a wall. The Himalayas were very slippery and have glacier peaks.
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